Large Creature Swam the Seas 170 Million Years Ago
2016-10-23 21:20:47


Scientists in Scotland are using modern technology to examine the bones of a large sea creature that lived 170 million years ago.(1)
苏格兰科学家采用现代技术研究生活在 1 亿 7000 万万年前的大型海洋动物的骨头。

First found 50 years ago in Scotland’s Isle of Skye, the bones of the sea monster were trapped in hard rock — until recently.(2)
第一次发现 50 年前在苏格兰斯凯,海怪的骨头被困在坚硬的岩石 — — 直到最近。

Thanks to technology, scientists are finally able to separate the bones from the rock.(3)
由于技术的发展,科学家们终于能够从岩石分开骨头。

What they discovered was a reptile that lived in the oceans at the time of the dinosaurs.(4)
他们发现的是一种爬行动物,在海洋中生活在恐龙时代。

Until now, this creature was unknown to researchers.(5)
直到现在,这种生物是未知的研究人员。

Reptiles are cold-blooded animals. They produce eggs and have hard, flat scales covering the outside of the body.(6)
爬行动物是冷血动物。他们生产的鸡蛋,有坚硬的、 平面的鳞片覆盖的境外机构。

Examples of modern reptiles are snakes, turtles and alligators.(7)
现代的爬行动物的例子是蛇、 海龟和短吻鳄。

The scientists in Scotland are excited to see that the skeleton of the ancient reptile is almost complete.(8)
在苏格兰科学家们兴奋地看到古代爬行动物的骨架是几乎完全。

Stephen Brusatte is a paleontologist with the University of Edinburgh.(9)
斯蒂芬 · 布鲁萨特是爱丁堡大学的一名古生物学家。

He studies fossilized bones of ancient animals and plants. Now he is studying the sea monster’s fossils.(10)
他研究的古代动物和植物的骨头化石。现在他正在学习海怪化石。

“There’s over 100 bones there, so a whole bunch of the skeleton,(11)
"有太超过 100 骨头那里,一大堆的骨架,

and now we get to get down to the fun business of actually studying it, figuring out what it is.”(12)
现在我们走到乐趣业务的实际研究,搞清楚它什么."

This is what the scientists already know: the sea monster was more than 4 meters long.(13)
This is what the scientists already know:海怪是 4 米多长。

They say it was from a class of ancient sea creatures called ichthyosaurs.(14)
他们说这是从一类称为鱼龙的古代海洋生物。

Ichthyosaurs looked something like modern dolphins. They could swim fast.(15)
鱼龙看起来有点像现代的海豚。它们可以游得快。

The ancient reptile fed on fish and other sea life with its hundreds of cone-shaped teeth.(16)
古代爬行动物喂养鱼类和其他海洋生物进行了数以百计的圆锥形的牙齿。

The scientists hope that studying the bones will give them a better understanding about the reptile’s ecosystem.(17)
科学家们希望学习骨头会使他们更深入了解这种爬行动物的生态系统。

The sea monster lived during Earth’s Middle Jurassic period. It lasted from about 160 million to 180 million years ago.(18)
海怪住在地球的中侏罗世期间。它持续了约 1 亿 6000 万到 1 亿 8000 万年前从。

Only a few fossils have been discovered from that time, Brusatte explains, which makes this sea monster a great find.(19)
只有几个化石,发现了从那时起,布鲁萨特解释说,这使得这个海怪一个伟大发现。

“It’s one of the only good skeletons of one of these ocean reptiles from the middle part of the Jurassic Period.(20)
"它是唯一的好骨架之一的晚侏罗纪时期的中间部分从这些海洋爬行动物之一。

This was a time that was a really interesting moment in evolution.(21)
这次是真的很有趣的时刻,在进化中。

You had all kinds of new groups of dinosaurs and ocean reptiles getting their start, starting to spread around the world.”(22)
你有所有种类的新群体的恐龙和海洋爬行动物的启动,开始传播到世界各地。

The sea monster, like other ichthyosaurs, died out 95 million years ago.(23)
海怪,像其他的鱼龙,9500 万多年前死了。

That is about 30 million years before the dinosaurs disappeared from the planet.(24)
这是大约在 3000 万年前恐龙从地球上消失了。

Paleontologist Brusatte says changes in their watery environment means the monster did not die out suddenly, but slowly disappeared.(25)
古生物学家布鲁萨特说,在潮湿的环境中的变化意味着怪物做不突然死去,却慢慢地消失。

“It looks like it was changes in the oceans, in the chemistry and in the ecology of the oceans,(26)
"它看起来像是在海洋中,化学和海洋,生态变化

and so you had a long-term winnowing away of these ichthyosaurs as they became less and less common, less and less diverse, until they trickled away to extinction.(27)
和你得长期簸去的这些作为他们的鱼龙成为越来越少常见、 少不同,直到他们灭绝渐渐散去。

And then that is when groups like sharks and, ultimately, whales and dolphins moved on in.”(28)
然后即当群体像鲨鱼,最终,鲸鱼和海豚前进。

Sea monsters have been at the center of many stories people have told throughout history.(29)
与海怪同行一直在人们告诉在历史上的许多故事的中心。

In modern times, people tell the story of the Loch Ness Monster in Scotland.(30)
在现代社会,人们告诉了在苏格兰尼斯湖怪兽的故事。

It has been described as large in size, with a long neck and one or more areas of skin rising out of the water.(31)
它被称为大粒,长长的脖子和皮肤出水面上升一个或多个领域。

But no one has ever proved it really exists. (32)
但没有人能证明,它真的存在。

The sea monster being studied in Scotland does not come from someone’s imagination,(33)
正在研究在苏格兰的海怪不是来自于一个人的想象,

but in fact, once lived in the water until it died and its bones became trapped in rock.(34)
但事实上,一次生活在水中直到它死了,它的骨骼变得被困在岩石。

In the future, its skeleton will be made available for people to see.(35)
在未来,它的骨架将可让人看见。

I’m Anne Ball.(36)
我是安妮球。


All Articles fetched from Voice of America RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feeds and copyrighted by voanews.com