Uneven Signs of Growth in the Transport Industry
2012-09-07 22:45:18

This is the VOA Special English Economics Report.(1)

A look at some industries in the United States shows that the economic recovery is somewhat uneven. And growth seems to be slowing down.(2)

VOA’s Jim Randle spoke with experts in the transportation industry, which is easily affected by economic changes.(3)

Economists say trucks carry nearly seventy percent of the freight, or goods, transported in the United States.(4)
经济学家说卡车携带的近 70%的货物或货物在美国。

The American Trucking Association represents the interests of the trucking industry. It says freight is a good measure of the economy.(5)

This is because businesses have to move unprocessed materials, carry parts to factories, and transport imports and exports.(6)
这是因为企业要移动未加工的材料、 携带到工厂、 零件和运输进口和出口。

Bob Costello is the chief economist for the group.(7)
鲍勃 · 科斯特洛是集团首席经济学家。

BOB COSTELLO: “We are actually a very good indicator, a leading economic indicator in fact. And so if tonnage starts to fall, we get nervous. If it’s going up, we are pretty happy. “(8)
BOB COSTELLO:"我们其实其实一个很好的指标,主要经济指标。于是如果吨位开始下降,我们会感到紧张。如果它正在上升,我们感到非常高兴。“

The amount of freight carried by trucks is going up slowly. The American Trucking Association says total freight tonnage increased in June, but remained unchanged in July. That is good news to Bob Costello.(9)
慢慢地由卡车货运数量正在上升。美国卡车协会说总货运吨位增加今年 6 月,但在 7 月维持不变。这是向鲍勃 · 科斯特洛的好消息。

BOB COSTELLO: "It is telling me that the economy is not falling into another recession. It will continue as a sort of a slow growth recovery."(10)
BOB COSTELLO:"它告诉我,经济不陷入另一次衰退。它将继续作为一种经济增长缓慢恢复。"

Other information about economic growth comes from air freight, or goods transported by air. Recent reports show demand for air freight fell more than three percent around the world during July.(11)
关于经济增长的其它信息来自航空货运或空运货物。最近的报告显示,航空货运的需求在 7 月下跌超过 3%,世界各地。

Perry Flint speaks for the International Air Transport Association. That group represents about two hundred forty airline companies worldwide.(12)

It gathers information about air passenger travel and air freight. The group says the amount of international air freight decreased in July from the same period the year before. But other signs show increases.(13)

PERRY FLINT: "It can also, as you start to see air cargo dropping off and you are seeing other signs -- it can also be a leading indicator of a downturn.”(14)
PERRY FLINT:"它还可以,当你开始看到脱落的空运货物和你看到其它的迹象 — — 它也可以是一个经济低迷的领先指标。"

The same report shows that passenger traffic increased over three percent from last year.(15)
同一份报告表明旅客流量增加从去年的超过 3%。

That may be why a top official of Cambria Suites Hotels says travel, not just business travel, is strong. Michael Murphy is with the company.(16)
这可能是为什么 Cambria 套房酒店的一位高级官员说,旅行,不只是商务旅行,就是强。迈克尔 · 墨菲是与该公司。

MICHAEL MURPHY: “We are seeing the highest demand in the history of the hotel industry right now. More people are traveling now than ever before, and that's in all segments of travel.”(17)
MICHAEL MURPHY:"我们看到现在酒店业的历史上的最高需求。更多的人现在比以往任何时候,旅行,这是各阶层的旅行"。

Conflicting economic signs have made it difficult for economists to predict future growth.(18)

For example, government experts first said the American economy expanded at a yearly rate of one point five percent from April to June.(19)
例如,政府专家第一说,美国经济每年从 4 月到 6 月百分之一点五的速度扩大。

But they amended that prediction as new information became available and showed growth was higher -- more likely a rate of one point seven percent.(20)
但他们的修订的预测新的信息变得可用,以及显示的增长是更高 — — 更有可能的一个点 7%的速度。

Changes like that have made it harder for many people to see the road ahead.(21)

And that’s the VOA Special English Economics Report. You can find our captioned videos at the VOA Learning English Channel on YouTube. I’m Mario Ritter.(22)
而这是美国之音特别英语经济报道。你可以找到我们标题的视频在 youtube 上美国之音学习英语频道在。我是马里奥 · 里特尔。

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