How will schools respond to the nationwide student walkouts?
2018-03-13 00:00:00


JUDY WOODRUFF: Tomorrow will mark one monthsince 17 people were killed and 17 more were(1)
JUDY WOODRUFF:明天将会有一个月,因为有17人死亡,还有17人

injured during the shooting at Marjory StonemanDouglas High School in Parkland, Florida.(2)
在佛罗里达州Parkland的Marjory Stoneman Douglas高中拍摄时受伤。

As some students continue to advocate forgun control and other changes, walkouts are(3)
由于一些学生继续主张枪支控制和其他变化,罢工是

planned around the country tomorrow to markthe anniversary.(4)
计划明天在全国各地纪念这个周年纪念日。

William Brangham has a look at some of thequestions surrounding this event for our weekly(5)
William Brangham关注了我们每周的这一事件的一些问题

series, Making the Grade.(6)
系列,打造成绩。

WILLIAM BRANGHAM: Organizers expect more than200,000 students in all 50 states will participate(7)
WILLIAM BRANGHAM:组织者期望所有50个州的20多万名学生将参加

in the walkouts.(8)
在罢工。

How schools handle these walkouts has beena matter of some concern.(9)
学校如何处理这些罢课是一个令人担忧的问题。

Special correspondent Lisa Stark of EducationWeek has been covering this and is here with(10)
教育周刊特约记者丽莎史塔克一直在报道此事并与此同在

more.(11)
更多。

Welcome.(12)
欢迎。

LISA STARK: Nice to be here.(13)
LISA STARK:很高兴来到这里。

WILLIAM BRANGHAM: So, potentially, thousandsand thousands of kids tomorrow are going to(14)
威廉布朗汉姆:因此,明天可能会有成千上万的孩子参加

be walking out of school.(15)
走出学校。

Have you gotten a sense of what is the messagethat they're trying to convey?(16)
你是否已经知道他们想传达的信息是什么?

LISA STARK: There is really a dual purposehere.(17)
LISA STARK:这里真的有双重目的。

One is simply a memorial for those who losttheir lives in Parkland and, the organizers(18)
其中之一仅仅是为在帕克兰和组织者中丧生的人们提供的纪念

say, for all students who may live in areaswith gun violence, anyone who has been touched(19)
比如说,对于所有可能生活在枪支暴力地区的学生来说,任何被触动过的人

by gun violence.(20)
通过枪支暴力。

But it also is a call to action.(21)
但这也是一个行动呼吁。

This is a protest.(22)
这是一种抗议。

They have things they want Congress to do.(23)
他们有他们想要国会做的事情。

They want Congress to ban assault rifles,ban high-capacity magazines.(24)
他们希望国会禁止突击步枪,禁止高容量杂志。

They want background checks for all gun purchases.(25)
他们想要购买所有枪支的背景调查。

And they want Congress to pass that red flaglaw, the kind of law that was just signed(26)
他们希望国会通过红旗法,这是刚刚签署的法律

into law in Florida, in fact, which wouldallow a court to take away a gun from someone(27)
事实上,这将允许法院从某人身上拿走枪支

who the judge deems is maybe at risk to themselvesor someone else.(28)
法官认为可能对自己或其他人造成危险。

WILLIAM BRANGHAM: So, is your sense that it'sgoing to be the same event at each school?(29)
威廉布朗汉姆:那么,你觉得每个学校都会有同样的事件吗?

Is it going to look different at differentschools?(30)
在不同的学校会有不同的表现吗?

LISA STARK: This is going to look totallydifferent at different schools.(31)
LISA STARK:在不同的学校,这看起来完全不同。

Some kids will walk out.(32)
有些孩子会走出去。

Some will hold moments of silence.(33)
有些人会沉默片刻。

Some schools are pushing kids to do assemblies,to actually not leave the school grounds.(34)
有些学校正在推动孩子们进行集会,实际上不会离开学校场地。

There is a school in Maryland, for example,that's going to put 17 desks, empty desks,(35)
例如,马里兰州有一所学校,它将安置17个课桌,空桌子,

in the auditorium with all the names of theParkland victims.(36)
在礼堂里所有的帕克兰受害者的名字。

Aztec High School, which is in New Mexico,they lost two of their students to gun violence(37)
在新墨西哥州的阿兹特克高中,他们失去了两名学生以枪杀暴力

in December.(38)
在十二月。

They're going to gather around their flagpole,and they're going to try to come up with some(39)
他们会聚集在旗杆周围,他们会试图想出一些

positive ways to talk about school safety.(40)
积极地谈论学校安全。

So, this is going to really look differentall over the country.(41)
所以,这将在全国各地看起来不一样。

WILLIAM BRANGHAM: How are school administratorshandling this?(42)
WILLIAM BRANGHAM:学校管理者如何处理这个问题?

Because I have to imagine your task is, youwant to keep kids in school.(43)
因为我必须想象你的任务是,你想让孩子们上学。

You're also responsible legally to look afterthem during the day.(44)
你也有责任合法地在白天照顾他们。

LISA STARK: Absolutely.(45)
LISA STARK:绝对如此。

WILLIAM BRANGHAM: But I guess they also don'twant to be squelching students' desire to(46)
威廉布朗汉姆:但我想他们也不想压制学生的愿望

get out and speak their mind politically.(47)
走出去,在政治上说出自己的想法。

How are administrators going to deal withthis?(48)
管理员如何处理这个问题?

LISA STARK: Right.(49)
LISA STARK:是的。

They are kind of walking a bit of a tightropehere.(50)
他们在这里走走钢丝。

On one hand, they want students to find theirown voices, as you say, but they are responsible(51)
一方面,他们希望学生能够像你说的那样发现自己的声音,但他们是负责任的

for school safety.(52)
为学校安全。

So, again, just as there will be all sortsof -- types of demonstrations, the schools(53)
所以,再一次,就像各种各样的示威游行一样,学校也是如此

are all over the map, too.(54)
也都在地图上。

Some are banning walkouts.(55)
有些人禁止罢工。

Some are trying to convince students to meetinside the schools, congregate inside the(56)
有些人试图说服学生在学校内见面,聚集在学校内部

schools.(57)
学校。

Some are requesting parental permission ifyou want your student to participate.(58)
如果你想让你的学生参与,有些人正在申请父母的许可。

So, again, each school is handling that andeach district is handling it quite differently.(59)
所以,每个学校都在处理这个问题,而且每个学区的处理方式都不一样。

WILLIAM BRANGHAM: Refresh me on the Constitutionhere.(60)
WILLIAM BRANGHAM:在这里刷新我的宪法。

Students, no matter...(61)
学生,不管...

LISA STARK: There's a First Amendment.(62)
LISA STARK:有第一修正案。

WILLIAM BRANGHAM: There is a First Amendment.(63)
WILLIAM BRANGHAM:有第一修正案。

(LAUGHTER)
WILLIAM BRANGHAM: And it applies to kids allover the country.(64)
WILLIAM BRANGHAM:这适用于全国各地的孩子。

LISA STARK: Yes.(65)
LISA STARK:是的。

Well, as the Supreme Court has said, studentsdon't check their First Amendment rights when(66)
那么,正如最高法院所说,学生在什么时候不会检查他们的第一修正案的权利

they walk in the school door.(67)
他们走在学校门口。

But the problem is, there are school policies.(68)
但问题是,有学校的政策。

And First Amendment freedom of speech isn'tunlimited.(69)
而第一修正案的言论自由并不是无限的。

So, schools can enforce their policy againstunexcused absences, for example.(70)
因此,例如,学校可以执行他们的无故缺勤政策。

Some may do that.(71)
有些人可能会这样做。

But what schools can't do is give studentsa harsher punishment than they would have(72)
但学校不能做的是给学生一个比他们更严厉的惩罚

for any unexcused absence.(73)
任何无故缺席。

They can't ratchet up the punishment becausemaybe they don't support this or agree with(74)
他们不能加大惩罚力度,因为他们可能不支持这一点或不同意

the political message that the students aretrying to make.(75)
这是学生们试图制造的政治信息。

WILLIAM BRANGHAM: All right, Lisa Stark ofEducation Week, thanks so much.(76)
WILLIAM BRANGHAM:好的,教育周的Lisa Stark非常感谢。

LISA STARK: Thank you.(77)
LISA STARK:谢谢。

JUDY WOODRUFF: And thank you, Lisa and William.(78)
JUDY WOODRUFF:谢谢Lisa和William。

And online: Teachers and students have expressedtheir ideas for stopping school shootings.(79)
在线:教师和学生已经表达了停止学校枪击的想法。

You can read that and more on our Web site.(80)
您可以在我们的网站上阅读更多内容。

That's PBS.org/NewsHour.(81)
那是PBS.org/NewsHour。


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