With 'Mutual Air,' this California artist leverages the sounds of science
2019-03-14 00:00:00


JUDY WOODRUFF: Now a look at a unique wayto measure air pollution.(1)
JUDY WOODRUFF:现在看一下测量空气污染的独特方法。

Jeffrey Brown traveled to the San FranciscoBay Area to meet an artist who is bringing(2)
杰弗里·布朗前往旧金山湾区迎接一位正在带来的艺术家

sound to a usually silent problem.(3)
发出通常无声的问题。

It is part of our regular series coveringarts and culture, Canvas.(4)
这是我们常规系列艺术和文化系列的一部分,Canvas。

((5)

JEFFREY BROWN: The ring is simple, familiar,pleasant.(6)
JEFFREY BROWN:戒指简单,熟悉,令人愉悦。

These bells look and sound just like windchimes, but they're not controlled by the(7)
这些铃铛的外观和声音就像风铃一样,但它们并不受风铃的控制

wind at all.(8)
一点风。

This is Mutual Air, a sound installation inthe Bay Area that measures air pollution.(9)
这是Mutual Air,海湾地区的一个声音装置,用于测量空气污染。

ROSTEN WOO, Artist, Mutual Air: It's the mostshared resource in the world, in a sense.(10)
ROSTEN WOO,艺术家,Mutual Air:从某种意义上说,它是世界上最共享的资源。

You can't help but share it.(11)
你不能不分享它。

JEFFREY BROWN: Rosten Woo is a California-basedartist and designer who's currently an artist-in-residence(12)
JEFFREY BROWN:Rosten Woo是加利福尼亚的艺术家和设计师,目前是驻场艺术家

at San Francisco's Exploratorium.(13)
在旧金山的Exploratorium。

Celebrating its 50th anniversary this year,the museum has placed a heavy emphasis on(14)
今年庆祝成立50周年,博物馆一直非常重视

climate science and environmental issues.(15)
气候科学和环境问题。

Woo came up with his Mutual Air project asa way to make measurements and data about(16)
Woo想出了他的Mutual Air项目,作为一种测量和数据的方法

the air we breathe more accessible.(17)
我们呼吸的空气更容易接近。

ROSTEN WOO: What I tried to do is kind ofgive a public presence to the air.(18)
ROSTEN WOO:我试图做的是向公众展示空气。

JEFFREY BROWN: A public presence to the air?(19)
JEFFREY BROWN:空中公众存在?

ROSTEN WOO: Yes.(20)
ROSTEN WOO:是的。

JEFFREY BROWN: Meaning what?(21)
JEFFREY BROWN:意思是什么?

ROSTEN WOO: Well, I mean, the great clicheabout air, right, is that, you know, you can't(22)
ROSTEN WOO:嗯,我的意思是,关于空气的陈词滥调,对,是,你知道,你不能

experience it because it's so ever-present.(23)
体验它,因为它永远存在。

It's always around.(24)
它总是在身边。

JEFFREY BROWN: We're always experiencing it.(25)
JEFFREY BROWN:我们一直在体验它。

ROSTEN WOO: Yes.(26)
ROSTEN WOO:是的。

But we don't ever have like a very directindicator of kind of the dynamic nature of(27)
但我们从来没有像一个非常直接的指标那样的动态性质

the changes in that air.(28)
空气中的变化。

JEFFREY BROWN: The device uses a laser sensorto detect particles in the air.(29)
JEFFREY BROWN:该设备使用激光传感器检测空气中的微粒。

It picks up particulate matter that's 2.5microns wide, known as PM-2.5, about one-30th(30)
它可以吸收2.5微米宽的颗粒物质,称为PM-2.5,约为30分钟

the width of a human hair.(31)
人发的宽度。

But, at that size, scientists say, particlescan worsen conditions like asthma, lung and(32)
但是,科学家说,在这样的规模下,颗粒会恶化哮喘,肺和肺等病症

heart disease.(33)
心脏病。

The bell, sensing a high level of particulatematter, releases a magnetic mallet that strikes(34)
钟罩感应到高水平的颗粒物质,释放出敲击的磁槌

the metal pipes surrounding it.(35)
它周围的金属管道。

ROSTEN WOO: You really can think of it as,like, wind chimes for air pollution.(36)
ROSTEN WOO:你真的可以把它想象成像空气污染的风铃一样。

So, when it's going all of the time...(37)
所以,当它一直在......

JEFFREY BROWN: Wind chimes for air pollution?(38)
JEFFREY BROWN:空气污染的风铃?

ROSTEN WOO: Yes.(39)
ROSTEN WOO:是的。

(LAUGHTER)
ROSTEN WOO: So, when it's going off a lot,as you might, on a very windy day, you would(40)
ROSTEN WOO:所以,当它在很多刮风的日子里,如果你想要的话,你会

have a sense, like, OK, this is, this is gettingup into maybe a not particularly great or(41)
有一种感觉,就像,好吧,这就是,这可能是一个不太特别的或者

healthy level of PM-2.5.(42)
健康水平的PM-2.5。

JEFFREY BROWN: These are beautiful sounds.(43)
JEFFREY BROWN:这些都是美妙的声音。

You even made it musical, right, with thedifferent levels of pipe.(44)
你甚至用不同级别的管子把它做成了音乐。

ROSTEN WOO: Yes.(45)
ROSTEN WOO:是的。

JEFFREY BROWN: Why?(46)
JEFFREY BROWN:为什么?

Why, if it's supposed to be kind of a -- Idon't know, a warning?(47)
为什么,如果它应该是一种 - 我不知道,一个警告?

ROSTEN WOO: We wanted to be in this kind ofnether-space between, like, if you heard it(48)
ROSTEN WOO:我们想要在这样的下层空间中,如果你听到的话

a little bit, it wouldn't bother you.(49)
一点点,它不会打扰你。

You don't feel like someone's, like, pokingyou.(50)
你不觉得有人喜欢戳你。

But if you hear it a lot, you know, it actuallydoes become kind of annoying, in the same(51)
但是如果你经常听到它,它确实会变得有点烦人,同样如此

way that a wind chime becomes annoying a lot.(52)
风铃变得烦人的方式。

There is one chime that's a little furtherout, so it's struck less frequently.(53)
有一个钟声稍微远一些,所以它的频率更低。

But when it's very active, you hit this kindof slightly more discordant note.(54)
但是当它非常活跃时,你会发现这种稍微不一致的音符。

So, as it kind of gets into more dangerousregisters of particles, you know, it becomes(55)
因此,当它进入更危险的粒子寄存器时,你知道,它变成了

a little eerier in its tone and cast.(56)
它的语气和演员有点怪异。

JEFFREY BROWN: The Bay Area, Oakland in particular,has some of the lowest air quality in the(57)
JEFFREY BROWN:特别是奥克兰湾区的空气质量最低

nation, giant ports, train tracks, crisscrossinginterstates.(58)
国家,巨型港口,火车轨道,纵横交错的州际公路。

Woo and the Exploratorium have begun to installbells around the city.(59)
Woo和Exploratorium已经开始在城市周围安装铃铛。

They plan to have 30 up in all.(60)
他们计划总共有30人。

ROSTEN WOO: My hope is that it has a verysubtle and slow effect, that people will kind(61)
ROSTEN WOO:我希望它有一种非常微妙和缓慢的效果,人们会善良

of become aware of these.(62)
意识到这些。

Eventually, they become curious enough toread the sign, and kind of understand what(63)
最终,他们变得好奇,阅读标志,并有点理解什么

it is, and then thereafter think about whatthat means and start thinking like, oh, why(64)
它是,然后考虑这意味着什么,并开始思考,哦,为什么

is this chime going off now in this neighborhood?(65)
这个街区现在正在关闭这个钟声吗?

JEFFREY BROWN: Late last year, just weeksafter the installation of Mutual Air began,(66)
JEFFREY BROWN:去年年底,在Mutual Air开始安装几周后,

the deadliest wildfires in California historyswept through the northern part of the state.(67)
加州历史上最致命的野火席卷了该州北部。

The bells went off constantly.(68)
钟声不断响起。

ROSTEN WOO: It was this time when this issuethat is often kind of very localized, suddenly,(69)
ROSTEN WOO:这个时候这个问题经常是非常局部化的,突然间,

like this much broader swathe of people caredabout it.(70)
像这样更广泛的人们关心它。

So the hope is maybe this project can kindof extend that moment of interest.(71)
所以希望也许这个项目可以延长那个感兴趣的时刻。

JEFFREY BROWN: One site is the West OaklandEnvironmental Indicators Project, an environmental(72)
JEFFREY BROWN:一个地方是西奥克兰环境指标项目,一个环境

justice organization that gathers its owndata on air quality.(73)
正义组织收集自己的空气质量数据。

Margaret Gordon is the director.(74)
玛格丽特戈登是导演。

For her, Mutual Air adds another tool.(75)
对于她来说,Mutual Air增加了另一种工具。

MARGARET GORDON, West Oakland EnvironmentalIndicators: By having this data, we're able(76)
MARGARET GORDON,West Oakland环境指标:通过获取这些数据,我们能够

to pinpoint to the city, the state, the countywhere they need to advocate to do more emission-reduction(77)
要确定城市,州,县需要提倡做更多的减排

planning, such as making the port go totallyelectrified, bring electrified trains, the(78)
规划,如使港口完全电气化,带动电气化列车,

cranes, the trucks.(79)
起重机,卡车。

So those are the type of things, having thatdata, we're able to campaign and advocate(80)
所以那些是事物的类型,拥有这些数据,我们能够进行宣传和倡导

for it.(81)
为了它。

JEFFREY BROWN: I asked Rosten Woo where theart comes in and meets advocacy.(82)
JEFFREY BROWN:我向Rosten Woo询问艺术的来源并进行宣传。

ROSTEN WOO: I think it kind of falls intothe catchment of art, because it doesn't fit(83)
ROSTEN WOO:我觉得它有点落入艺术流域,因为它不合适

very neatly into other categories.(84)
非常整齐地进入其他类别。

It's not strictly a public health program.(85)
它不是严格意义上的公共卫生计划。

It's not strictly a political project.(86)
这不是一个严格意义上的政治项目。

JEFFREY BROWN: But is it a political act insome ways?(87)
JEFFREY BROWN:但这在某种程度上是一种政治行为吗?

ROSTEN WOO: I don't want to oversell it andsay, like, you know, this is real political(88)
ROSTEN WOO:我不想夸大它,并说,就像,你知道,这是真正的政治

action.(89)
行动。

I think having an awareness and a new knowledgeof how your urban environment is shaped does(90)
我认为对城市环境的形成有一种认识和新知识

engender politics, does kind of lead you thento have questions about, like, well, why is(91)
产生政治,有点引导你有问题,比如,好吧,为什么

this so?(92)
这样呢?

JEFFREY BROWN: For the "PBS NewsHour," I'mJeffrey Brown in the San Francisco Bay Area.(93)
JEFFREY BROWN:对于“PBS NewsHour”,我是旧金山湾区的Jeffrey Brown。


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