African Women Still Face HIV Stigma
2015-07-20 17:18:55

New research shows that more than 30 years into the HIV/AIDS epidemic, African women living with the HIV still face much stigma and discrimination.(1)
新的研究表明,30 多年到艾滋病毒/艾滋病流行病,仍然感染艾滋病毒的非洲妇女面临多耻辱和歧视。

The study says it’s affecting efforts to prevent mother-to-child transmission of the AIDS virus.(2)

 The community-led research was commissioned by the World Health Organization and done in Kenya, Namibia and Nigeria.(3)
社区领导的研究是由世界卫生组织委托和做在肯尼亚、 纳米比亚和尼日利亚。

The study was conducted by the International Community of Women Living with HIV – or ICW -- and the Global Network of People Living with HIV.(4)
采用国际社区的妇女生活与艾滋病毒 — — 或国际妇女理事会 — — 和全球网络的人患艾滋病毒进行了研究。

Margaret Happy is an ICW advocacy officer based in Kampala, Uganda.(5)
玛嘉烈快乐是设在坎帕拉,乌干达 ICW 宣传干事。

She said stigma and discrimination in health care settings “is hampering efforts to scale-up early infant diagnosis of HIV.”(6)

“The stigma is still existing, one, because of information.(7)

When I talk about information it is a two way.(8)

Information for the service providers, but also information for us as the community of people living with HIV and in this case I’m going to focus on the woman living with HIV,” she said.(9)

Happy said despite current information about HIV prevention efforts, many health providers and employees in Africa fail to acknowledge it.(10)

For example, the use of antiretroviral drugs to prevent infection.(11)

“They already know that treatment is prevention.(12)

Although most of them have heard that if someone is on HIV is on treatment – is on ART treatment – he or she is less infectious –(13)
虽然大多数人都听说过是否有人对艾滋病毒是治疗 — — 是 — — 他或她是传染性较弱 — — 艺术治疗

they still think that provided someone has been tested HIV positive the person can still infect them.(14)

So, due to lack of information, due to limited information by health service providers, they still have that stigma,” said Happy.(15)

But she also said there’s an attitude problem among many health workers.(16)
但她也说: 还有很多医务人员态度问题。

“The negative attitude – the negative perception by health service providers – also fuels stigma.”(17)
"消极的态度 — — 由保健服务提供者的负面看法 — — 也污名。"

One Nigerian woman said in the report that instead of talking to her, nurses shouted and laughed at her because of her HIV status.(18)

Happy said pregnant women are often surrounded by relatives when they go to health care facilities or are giving birth.(19)

The relatives may not know the woman is HIV positive until health workers test the child for HIV.(20)
亲戚们可能不知道的那个女人是 HIV 阳性,直到卫生工作者测试艾滋病毒的儿童。

“It causes deferential treatment or it even causes violence, separation, divorce.(21)
"它恭敬对待它甚至原因或暴力、 分离、 离婚。

And now the situation is worse by also the legal environment.(22)

The legal environment, which is not enabling.(23)

The legal environment which criminalizes a disease, which criminalizes HIV, for instance, in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and other countries,” she said.(24)
她说将定为犯罪的一种疾病,定为刑事犯罪艾滋病毒,例如,在肯尼亚、 乌干达、 坦桑尼亚和其他国家的法律环境"。

Happy said that HIV positive women often impose stigma upon themselves because of their economic dependence on men, either as daughters, partners or spouses.(25)
快乐指出,HIV 阳性妇女往往带来污点自己因为他们经济上依赖男子,无论是作为女儿、 父母或配偶。

Fear of separation, divorce or violence can prevent women from disclosing their HIV status.(26)
分居、 离婚或暴力的恐惧可以阻止妇女披露自己的艾滋病毒状况。

The report is entitled Early Infant Diagnosis: Understanding the Perceptions, Values and Preferences of Women Living with HIV in Kenya, Namibia and Nigeria.(27)
The report is entitled Early Infant Diagnosis:理解的观念、 价值观和偏好的妇女在肯尼亚、 纳米比亚和尼日利亚的艾滋病毒感染者。

It was released at the 8th International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention in Vancouver, Canada.(28)
它被发布在第八届国际艾滋病社会会议上艾滋病毒发病机制、 治疗和预防在加拿大温哥华举行。

The World Health Organization is considering new recommendations based on the study.(29)

One would be to test infants born to women living with HIV at birth and then again four to six weeks later.(30)

Supporters said this would reduce a woman’s anxiety about her baby’s health.(31)

Another recommendation would be to teach the women how to care for and feed the infant early on.(32)

The report also called for women living with HIV “to be provided with information about testing options to give them time to make an informed choice about when to test.(33)

The ICW said the choice must be respected and the human rights of the mother protected.(34)

UNICEF, the U.N. Children’s Fund, reported about 900 children are newly infected with HIV every day, nearly all of them in sub-Saharan Africa.(35)
儿童基金会、 联合国儿童基金,据报道约 900 名儿童新感染艾滋病毒每一天,几乎所有的这些在撒哈拉以南非洲。

It said 57 percent of pregnant women living with HIV received antiretrovirals to prevent the virus from being transmitted to their babies.(36)
它表示 57%的感染艾滋病毒的怀孕妇女获得抗逆转录病毒药物以防止病毒传染给她们的婴儿。

But UNICEF also said only 35 percent of infants born to HIV positive mothers in low and middle income countries were tested for the virus within the first two months of life.(37)
但儿童基金会也表示,只有在低收入和中等收入国家在生命的第一次两个月内进行了病毒的检测艾滋病毒阳性母亲所生婴儿的 35%。

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