Art or evidence? After appeal, court rules violent rap lyrics not a confession
2014-08-09 16:59:41


WILLIAM BRANGHAM: Back in 2005, outside this New Jersey house, a small-time drug dealer was shot multiple times and left near death by the curb.(1)
WILLIAM BRANGHAM:早在 2005 年,新泽西外面的情况下,一个小喽啰的毒贩是射击多次和离死在路边。

While his story changed a few times, he’d later tell police that the man who shot him was this man: aspiring rapper and fellow drug dealer Vonte Skinner.(2)
虽然他的故事改变了几次,他稍后会告诉警察他开枪的人是此人: 有抱负的说唱歌手和同伴毒贩 Vonte 斯金纳。

Though Skinner says he’s innocent – he admits he was there that night,(3)
斯金纳说,他是无辜的 — — 尽管他承认,他在那里那天晚上,

but says he didn’t pull the trigger, and doesn’t know who did — he was arrested and charged with attempted murder.(4)
但说他没有扣动扳机,而且不知道是谁干的 — — 他被逮捕并被控企图谋杀。

At his trial, prosecutors had 13 pages of Skinner’s extremely graphic, violent rap lyrics read aloud to the jury.(5)
在他的审判,检察官有 13 页的斯金纳的极其图形的、 暴力的说唱歌词向陪审团大声朗读。

They were from notebooks found in the back of a car Skinner was driving.(6)
他们是从笔记本在斯金纳驾驶一辆车的后面找到。

Here’s just a taste of what the jury heard: “Two to your helmet and four slugs drillin’ your cheek/To blow your face off and leave your brain caved in the street…”(7)
Here’s just a taste of what the jury heard:"两个到你的头盔和四个蛞蝓 drillin' 你的脸颊,/吹你的脸掉和离开你的大脑屈服在街上......"

It went on like that for more than 15 minutes.(8)
它去像这样超过 15 分钟。

The lyrics don’t mention anything about the specific shooting, or the actual victim.(9)
歌词不要提到任何有关具体拍摄,或实际受害者。

They were in fact written months and years before the crime occurred,(10)
他们实际上是写,月和年在犯罪发生之前

but prosecutors introduced them – and a judge allowed them – in order to demonstrate Skinner’s alleged motive and intent to commit violent acts.(11)
但检察官介绍了他们 — — 和一位法官允许他们 — — 以表明斯金纳的涉嫌的动机和意图犯的暴力行为。

Amar Dean is a Philadelphia-based rap producer, and Vonte Skinner’s brother.(12)
阿玛尔院长是基于费城的说唱音乐制作人和斯金纳 Vonte 的兄弟。

He says he was in the courtroom when the lyrics were read to the jury,(13)
他说他当时在法庭上向陪审团,宣读了歌词

and just by watching their reaction to those lyrics, he knew his brother was going to be convicted.(14)
和只是通过观察他们对那些歌词的反应,他知道他的哥哥要被判有罪。

AMAR DEAN: When they started doing the lyrics, people started frowning their faces. You know, body language speaks volumes.(15)
AMAR DEAN:当他们开始做歌词时,人们就开始他们的脸皱着眉头。你知道,肢体语言传达的卷。

A lot of their faces were in shock, “whoa, did he say that, did he do that?” But it had nothing to do with the case at all.(16)
他们的脸上很多都是震惊了,"哇,他说他这么做吗?"但是它没有什么都不做的情况。

WILLIAM BRANGHAM: Skinner was found guilty of attempted murder, and sentenced to 30 years in prison.(17)
WILLIAM BRANGHAM:斯金纳被判谋杀未遂,并判处 30 年监禁。

This trend — of introducing rap lyrics as evidence in criminal proceedings — is spreading nationwide.(18)
这种趋势 — — 引进说唱歌词作为刑事诉讼中的证据 — — 正在蔓延全国。

There are some cases — like Dennis Greene’s case, where the connection between a rap and a crime is clear.(19)
在有些情况下 — — 喜欢丹尼斯 · 格林的情况下,,说唱和犯罪之间的连接是清楚。

In 2003, Greene brutally killed his wife, and then he rapped specifically about committing the murder.(20)
2003 年,格林被残酷地杀害他的妻子,然后他畅谈了具体犯谋杀罪。

The lyrics were introduced at trial, and he was sentenced to life in prison.(21)
在审判时,介绍了歌词,他被判处终身监禁。

But other cases, they just aren’t as clear cut.(22)
但其他情况下,他们只是没有那么明朗。

Two years ago in Louisiana, a rapper named Terrance Hatch — known as Lil Boosie — was tried for first degree murder.(23)
两年前在路易斯安那州的一个说唱歌手名叫特伦斯孵化 — — 称为 Lil Boosie — — 因第一学位谋杀罪而受审。

Prosecutors argued that a few cryptic words of one rap song were in fact a confession. Hatch was found not guilty.(24)
检察官辩称几个神秘词的一个说唱歌曲实际上都是忏悔。舱口盖被判无罪。

ERIK NIELSON: To critics like Erik Nielson of the University of Richmond — prosecutors should rarely, if ever, use rap as evidence in court.(25)
ERIK NIELSON:对像的里士满大学的埃里克 · 尼尔森的批评 — — 检察官应该很少,如果曾有过使用说唱乐作为法庭证据。

Nielson says rap is an art form — one that intentionally uses elaborate word-play and exaggeration and boasting.(26)
尼尔森说 rap 是一种艺术形式 — — 一种故意使用精心制作的文字游戏和夸大和吹嘘。

And yes, while rap may sometimes contains graphic violence, Nielson argues that’s a reflection of the communities where many young black men live.(27)
是的而说唱有时可能包含图形的暴力行为,尼尔森认为这就是反映了社区的很多年轻黑人男子住在哪里。

He says rappers are creating characters, not writing diaries.(28)
他说说唱歌手正在创建的字符,不写日记。

ERIK NIELSON: That is the most important distinction that constantly gets missed, is that there is an author and a narrator.(29)
ERIK NIELSON:这是最重要的区别,不断获取错过了,就是作者与叙述者。

We seem to be able to grasp that concept with every other art form that uses the first person narrative.(30)
我们似乎能够把握这一概念与所有其他使用第一人称叙事的艺术形式。

But rappers, who go the extra mile to signal that they are inventing a narrator with their use of a stage name,(31)
说唱歌手,去额外地信号他们都发明讲述人的阶段名称使用,但

we still revert back to this idea that they’re the same, we conflate the two.(32)
我们还是回到这一想法他们都是一样,我们将两者混为一谈。

David Labahn — who is a former gang prosecutor, and CEO of the Association of Prosecuting Attorneys —(33)
大卫 · 拉班 — — 谁是一名前帮派检察官和首席执行官的起诉律师协会 — —

believes rap lyrics can be a very appropriate tool for law enforcement because he says they’re not always ‘made-up’ stories.(34)
认为说唱歌词可以是非常合适的工具,为执法,因为他说,他们并不总是 '虚构' 的故事。

DAVID LABAHN: I would say you can’t have it both ways.(35)
DAVID LABAHN:我会说你不能两者兼得。

You cannot say that “I’m rapping about stuff because this is what I live in,(36)
你不能说"我说唱的东西因为这是我住在

this is what I see every day” and then come into court and say “everything that I said in that rap is completely untrue.”(37)
这是我看到的每一天",走进法院,然后说"我在那 rap 所说的一切都是完全不真实"。

WILLIAM BRANGHAM: What about the argument that is made that the content of some kinds of rap music is so violent,(38)
WILLIAM BRANGHAM:参数,由某些种类的说唱音乐的内容是如此猛烈,怎么样

that if you put that in front of a jury, and if the prosecution says “this guy raps like this, and we think he’s guilty of x,”(39)
那如果你把这放在一个评审团,并且如果公诉方说:"这家伙说唱像这样,和我们认为他是有罪的 x,"

that the jury will believe anything.(40)
陪审团会相信任何事。

DAVID LABAHN: I don’t think that matches reality of what happens in a courtroom.(41)
DAVID LABAHN:我不认为与匹配的现实的在法庭上会发生什么。

We must get a unanimous jury beyond a reasonable doubt, and playing a rap is not going to convict somebody.(42)
我们必须超越合理怀疑,陪审团一致、 玩说唱并不能证明一个人有罪。

If it was then you’d have rap being played every day and we wouldn’t need to worry about producing other evidence.(43)
如果它是然后你将会有说唱正在演奏的每一天,我们就不需要担心生产其他证据。

WILLIAM BRANGHAM: But in the case of Vonte Skinner, at least, an appellate court in 2012 ruled(44)
WILLIAM BRANGHAM:但在 Vonte 斯金纳,至少,在 2012 年上诉法院裁定

that the extensive reading of his lyrics did unfairly prejudice the jury and made it so Skinner could not get a fair trial.(45)
广泛的阅读,他的抒情诗没有不公平地损害陪审团和使它如此斯金纳不能得到公正的审判。

That ruling threw skinner’s case to the New Jersey State Supreme Court.(46)
这一裁决扔了斯金纳的情况下到新泽西州州最高法院。

Skinner’s original prosecutors — who declined to speak with the NewsHour —(47)
斯金纳的原始检察官 — — 谁拒绝发言与晚间新闻 — —

testified before the court why they introduced skinner’s written lyrics at trial.(48)
为什么他们介绍了斯金纳的书面的歌词在审判时出庭作证。

JENNIFER PASZKIEWICZ: The defendant’s writings reference how he saw himself, either hypothetically or otherwise,(49)
JENNIFER PASZKIEWICZ:被告的著作引用如何他看见了自己,否则为或者假设

reference a number of things that all go to the issue of what ultimately happened in this case.(50)
参照很多事情都最终去的什么问题在这种情况下发生。

WILLIAM BRANGHAM: Prosecutor Jennifer Paskiewicz argued that because Skinner wrote lyrics about things like shooting people in the head,(51)
WILLIAM BRANGHAM:检察官詹妮弗 Paskiewicz 争辩说,因为是斯金纳拍摄的人在头上,这样的事情写的歌词

that this was evidence of a quote “continuing mindset” that helped explained why skinner could’ve committed the actual shooting.(52)
这是报价的"持续心态",帮助解释为什么斯金纳可能已经犯在实际拍摄的证据。

Among those testifying in favor of Skinner was Ezra Rosenberg. He was representing the New Jersey ACLU.(53)
在那些作证而斯金纳是以斯拉记罗森博格。他代表新泽西美国公民自由联盟。

EZRA ROSENBERG: When I first read Mr. Skinner’s writings, they were, they make one hold one’s breath.(54)
EZRA ROSENBERG:当我第一次读了斯金纳先生的著作时,他们是,他们让人屏住呼吸。

They are extraordinarily violent, they are sexist, they are misogynistic. They’re also very creative.(55)
他们是非常暴力,他们都是性别歧视,他们是右派。他们也很有创意。

WILLIAM BRANGHAM: Rosenberg argued that yes, Skinner’s lyrics are offensive, but they’re artistic works.(56)
WILLIAM BRANGHAM:罗森伯格辩称说是的斯金纳的歌词是进攻性的但它们是艺术作品。

And, he says, rap — like filmmaking or literature or art — should be given greater First Amendment protections before being allowed into trials.(57)
他说,说唱 — — 像拍电影或文学或艺术 — — 应该被允许进入试验之前给出更多的第一修正案保护。

If not, he worries about a chilling effect on free expression.(58)
如果不是,他担心言论自由寒蝉效应。

EZRA ROSENBERG: Every writing is subject to first amendment protections because there are social and political concerns that rap lyrics, gangster rap in particular, address,(59)
EZRA ROSENBERG:每个写作是受到第一修正案的保护,因为有社会和政治考虑,尤其是,说唱歌词,黑帮说唱的地址,

they are entitled to the highest protections. That’s really key.(60)
他们有权的最高的保护措施。这是非常关键的。

WILLIAM BRANGHAM: More so than other art forms or forms of expression?(61)
WILLIAM BRANGHAM:更比其他的艺术形式或形式的表达是如此吗?

EZRA ROSENBERG: Absolutely.(62)
EZRA ROSENBERG:绝对。

WILLIAM BRANGHAM: On Monday — in a ruling that could have national implications —(63)
WILLIAM BRANGHAM:在周一 — — 在一项裁决可能对国家产生影响 — —

the New Jersey State Supreme Court unanimously agreed that Vonte Skinner’s rap lyrics should not have been admitted at trial,(64)
新泽西州州最高法院一致同意不应被审讯时中, 承认 Vonte 斯金纳的说唱歌词

ruling that those graphic lyrics quote “bore little or no probative value” as evidence, and they risked quote “poisoning the jury.”(65)
执政的这些图形的歌词报价"孔很少或没有证据价值"作为证据,和他们冒着危险报价"中毒陪审团"。

In their ruling, the justices also criticized prosecutors for linking Skinner’s lyrics with Skinner’s actions:(66)
在他们的裁决,法官还批评检察官链接斯金纳的歌词与斯金纳的操作:

one cannot presume that simply because an author has chosen to write about certain topics, he or she has acted in accordance with those views.(67)
一个不能简单地假定,因为作者已选择将写关于某些题目,他或她根据这些意见的行为。

One would not presume that Bob Marley, who wrote the well-known song “I Shot the Sheriff,”(68)
一个都不会相信,鲍勃 · 马利,写的著名歌曲"向警长开枪",

actually shot a sheriff, or that Edgar Allan Poe buried a man beneath his floorboards, as depicted in his short story “The Tell-Tale Heart.”(69)
其实射击警长,或那埃德加 · 爱伦 · 坡埋一个人在他的地板,如所描述在他的短篇小说 《 泄密的心 》。

With his conviction overturned, Skinner will now get a new trial. In the meantime, he remains in jail where he’s been for several years.(70)
与他的定罪被推翻,斯金纳现在将得到一个新的审判。在此期间,他仍在监狱里他已经好几年。


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