Irrigation Pioneer Wins World Food Prize
2012-10-23 00:30:58

From VOA Learning English, this is the Agriculture Report in Special English.(1)

A researcher who helped make crops grow in dry land areas received the World Food Prize last week.(2)

Daniel Hillel was recognized for his work in developing what is called “micro-irrigation” or “drip irrigation.” It has made farming possible in places where there is little rainfall or water.(3)
丹尼尔 · 希勒尔承认他所谓的"微灌"或"滴灌"的发展的工作它使得农业可能在地方有小降雨或水。

Daniel Hillel’s farm near his home in Israel shows his ideas at work.(4)
他在以色列的家附近的丹尼尔 · 希勒尔农场工作时显示他的想法。

“Each tree row is fed by these plastic tubes that drip water at the base of the tree.”(5)

Watering plants drop by drop has changed agriculture by reducing the amount of water needed to grow crops.(6)

Jan Hopmans is a hydrologist at the University of California at Davis. He studies water-related issues in society.(7)
Jan Hopmans 是在加利福尼亚大学戴维斯分校的 hydrologist。他研究与水有关的社会问题。

He says farmers now depend on drip irrigation in many areas, including vineyards in Spain, onion fields in Africa, and even farms in the United States.(8)

“We in California grow about fifty percent of the fruits and vegetables of the continental United States.(9)
"我们在加州增长约 50%的水果和蔬菜的美国大陆。

And the reason that is possible is because of, indeed, these drip and micro-irrigation techniques.”(10)

The World Food Prize Foundation says Daniel Hillel was born in California at the beginning of the Great Depression.(11)
世界粮食奖基金会说,丹尼尔 · 希勒尔出生在加利福尼亚大萧条的开头。

After his father died, his mother moved the family to Palestine, where her parents lived. The area eventually became part of the state of Israel.(12)

Daniel Hillel got his start in dryland farming as a settler in Israel’s Negev Desert in the nineteen fifties.(13)
丹尼尔 · 希勒尔是旱作农业作为定居者在以色列的内盖夫沙漠 19 名五十多岁的他起步。

“The issue was efficient use of water. Because land is available. It’s extensive. Water is limited.”(14)

Desert farmers were not able to push water through irrigation canals to their crops, the way farmers have since ancient times.(15)

So Mr. Hillel and others gave plants just what they needed, just where they needed it.(16)

“The idea was to apply the water little by little, the way you spoon-feed a baby.”(17)
"的想法是一点点应用水、 方式你哺育婴儿"。

The method worked so well that soon Mr. Hillel was traveling the world, showing others how to do it.(18)

Experts say drip irrigation is an idea whose importance is growing, as climate change and rising population stretch water supplies in many parts of the world.(19)

“This is where water use, water availability, water-use efficiency and climate change and crop production all converge. And this has been really the essence of my career.”(20)
"这是用水、 供水、 用水效率和气候变化和农作物的生产所有衔接。这真的是我职业生涯的本质。

Contributing: Steve Baragona(21)
Contributing:史蒂夫 · 巴拉戈纳

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