谷歌纪念美国首位原住民女工程师
2018-08-10 11:48:00


This is What's Trending Today...(1)
这里是《今日热点》节目。

The search engine Google celebrated on Thursday what would have been the 110th birthday of the first Native American woman engineer.(2)
周四,谷歌搜索引擎庆祝了美国首位原住民女工程师诞辰110周年。

Google honored Mary Ross with a special Google Doodle on its homepage.(3)
谷歌在主页上为玛丽·罗斯(Mary Ross)特制了一款谷歌涂鸦。

Ross was born on August 9, 1908, in the state of Oklahoma.(4)
1908年8月9日,罗斯出生于俄克拉荷马州。

She was the great-granddaughter of John Ross, the longest-serving chief of the Cherokee Nation.(5)
她是在切诺基国家队服役时间最久的约翰·罗斯(John Ross)的曾孙女。

Her work is considered critical to the early stages of the age of space travel.(6)
她的贡献被认为是对太空旅行早期阶段的关键。

Ross showed special abilities in math and science from an early age.(7)
罗斯自小在数学和科学方面展现出惊人天赋。

As a student, she developed an interest in aviation, or the practice of flying aircraft.(8)
在学生时期,她对航空产生了兴趣或者说对飞行飞机实践感兴趣。

She went on to earn a master's degree in mathematics from Colorado State Teachers College -- now called the University of Northern Colorado.(9)
之后,她在科罗拉多州立师范学院——如今的“北科罗拉多大学”获得了数学硕士学位。

During World War II, Ross began working for the Lockheed Aircraft Corporation as a mathematician.(10)
在二战期间,罗斯开始在洛克希德飞机公司担任数学家。

There, she was urged to complete work in aeronautical engineering.(11)
在那里,她被要求完成航空工程的工作。

She earned a special certification in the field from the University of California - Los Angeles in 1949.(12)
1949年,她在该领域获得了加州大学洛杉矶分校的特殊证书。

Ross was later chosen to join Lockheed's top-secret Skunk Works team that worked on aircraft designs.(13)
罗斯后来入选洛克希德公司最机密的“臭鼬工作团队”,该团队致力研究飞行器设计。

The name refers to a group that is permitted to work independently on advanced projects.(14)
该名称专指那些“获准独立从事高级项目的团队”。

She was the only female engineer among the team's 40 members.(15)
她是团队40名成员中唯一的女工程师。

Early on, she researched defense systems.(16)
在早期阶段,她研究了防御系统。

By the late 1950s, her work centered on satellites and a series of space rockets called Agenda.(17)
到20世纪50年代后期,她的工作集中于卫星以及一系列“Agenda”项目的太空火箭领域。

The rockets were extremely important in the 1960s during the Apollo moon program.(18)
这些火箭在上世纪60年代的“阿波罗登月计划”中至关重要。

Ross also helped develop early design ideas for space travel between planets, including flyby space flights to study Venus and Mars.(19)
罗斯还协助开发了行星间太空旅行的早期设计思路,包括通过太空飞行研究金星、火星。

Ross retired from Lockheed in 1973.(20)
1973年,罗斯从洛克希德公司退休。

But she continued to give talks at high schools and colleges to encourage more women and Native Americans to study engineering.(21)
但是,她仍然到各个高中和大学演讲,鼓励更多女性和美国原住民投身到工程学中。

Mary Ross died in 2008, a few months before her 100th birthday.(22)
2008年,罗斯在她百岁生日前的几个月离世。

Many celebrated Ross' life on social media.(23)
很多人通过社交媒体纪念罗斯的生平。

The National Science Foundation wrote on Twitter Thursday, "engineers like Mary Ross are an inspiration to women everywhere.(24)
周四,美国国家科学基金会在推特上发文称:“罗斯这样的工程师激励了世界各地的女性。

Women and minorities continue to face challenges and break through barriers in engineering."(25)
女性和少数民族仍然面临挑战并且要突破工程领域的障碍。”

Scientists on Twitter wrote that Thursday's Doodle introduced them to Mary Ross for the first time.(26)
科学家们在推特上纷纷表示,周四的谷歌涂鸦首次向他们介绍了罗斯。

Twitter user Aaron Perez, for example, wrote: "Mary Ross was an engineer who pioneered in the field of satellites.(27)
例如,推特用户Aaron Perez写道:“罗斯工程师是卫星领域的先驱。

I never would have known if it wasn't for the doodle. Women engineers deserve more recognition."(28)
如果不是谷歌涂鸦,我永远不会了解到这些。女性工程师应该得到广泛的认可。”

And that's What's Trending Today. I'm Lucija Millonig.(29)
以上为《今日热点》。 卢齐娅·米隆尼格为您播报。


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