World Economic Forum Rates Global Risks for 2013
2013-01-11 22:24:25

From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report in Special English.(1)

The World Economic Forum says the most likely risk facing the world over the next 10 years is the severe disparity in income between rich and poor.(2)
世界经济论坛表示,世界在未来 10 年内所面临的最有可能的风险是富人和穷人之间收入差距严重。

The estimate was made in a new report called the World Economic Forum’s Global Risks 2013. Many of the issues discussed in the report are familiar.(3)
估计被称为世界经济论坛全球风险 2013年新报告中提出。许多报告中所讨论的问题都是熟悉的。

Food availability and the spread of extremism and terrorism are noted every year. But new risks, especially technological and financial ones, are becoming more important than ever.(4)

The World Economic Forum is based in Geneva, Switzerland. The non-profit group says its risk report is based on surveys of more than 1,000 experts from around the world.(5)
世界经济论坛总部设在瑞士日内瓦。非营利组说其风险报告基于对来自世界各地的 1000 多名专家的调查。

They include industry leaders and specialists in government, academics and civil society.(6)
它们包括政府、 学术界和民间社会行业领袖和专家。

The experts considered the likelihood that risks could become serious problems in the future. They also studied the impact, or influence, that these risks would have if they became reality.(7)

The experts judged the likelihood that a risk would become a problem over the next 10 years. Sharp income differences between rich and poor were the risk considered most likely.(8)
专家判断风险将在未来 10 年内成为一个问题的可能性。富人和穷人之间的尖锐收入差异被认为最可能发生的风险。

This is the second time in two years that the disparity in wealth was identified as the most likely problem.(9)

It was followed by what the report calls “chronic fiscal imbalances,” or the failure of governments to deal with heavy debt over time.(10)

The risk said to have the biggest possible impact was a major failure in the world financial system, like the collapse of a top institution or currency.(11)

But experts rated a water supply crisis as second on the list of high-impact risks. The report’s organizers say this issue has generally received little attention.(12)

How the experts change their opinions is also something to note. This year, the mismanagement of the aging population moved from the 18th to the fifth most likely threat.(13)
专家们是如何改变他们的意见也是要注意的东西。今年,管理不善的老化人口移动从 18 到第五最可能的威胁。

The failure to deal with the costs and social issues involved with an aging population is now considered a risk with greater possible impact.(14)

The experts also were asked about extreme possibilities.(15)

The report calls these “X Factors.” They include the likelihood of climate change going out of control, and even the results of discovering alien life forms.(16)
报告呼吁这些"X 因素"。它们包括气候变化走出控制和甚至发现外星生命形式的结果的可能性。

The World Economic Forum is an international group whose members represent industry, charitable organizations and other partners. Its stated goal is to improve the state of the world.(17)
世界经济论坛是一个国际研究小组的成员代表产业、 慈善组织和其他伙伴。其申明的目标是改善世界的状况。

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