Relieving Pain and Suffering for Millions
2014-01-29 15:57:25

Millions of people around the world with serious illnesses do not get palliative care. That is, medical care that could relieve their pain and suffering.(1)

It’s estimated that 80 percent of those in need of palliative care are in low and middle income countries.(2)
据估计 80%的姑息治疗需要的人是在低收入和中等收入国家。

Only about one in ten people who need palliative care are getting it.(3)

That’s according to a new publication from the World Health Organization and the Worldwide Palliative Care Alliance.(4)
这从世界  生组织和全世界姑息关怀联盟根据新的出版物。

“Palliative care is whole person care for individuals and families that are facing life threatening illness.(5)

Those are illnesses that we don’t expect the patient to recover from.(6)

Palliative care is provided by a team of professionals – both healthcare and psychosocial professionals –(7)
由一队专业人员 — — 医疗和心理社会专业人士 — — 提供姑息治疗

who support the patient and family through the time when the illness is serious and the symptoms need managing.(8)

Palliative care mainly focuses on relief of pain, shortness of breath and other significant symptoms of serious illness,” said Dr. Stephen Connor , a senior fellow with the alliance.(9)
姑息治疗主要侧重于减轻痛苦、 呼吸急促和其他重大症状的严重疾病,"说与联盟的资深研究员斯蒂芬 · 康纳博士。

The new document is called the Global Atlas of Palliative Care at the End of Life.(10)
新的文档称为全球缓和关心 Atlas 在生命结束。

Connor said, “It’s a publication that attempts to paint a picture of what the needs are for palliative care – what the barriers are to palliative care development –(11)
康纳说,"这是一份出版物,企图以一幅画 — — 障碍是什么姑息治疗发展 — — 的姑息治疗的需求是什么

what palliative care currently exists – what are the resources that we have to draw on to develop palliative care – and then what is the way forward? It’s an advocacy document.”(12)
目前存在什么姑息治疗 — — 什么是的资源,我们必须借鉴发展姑息治疗 — —,然后向前的方法是什么?它是一个宣传文件。

He said that about 40 million people each year need palliative care – 20 million of those at the end of life(13)
他说约 4000 万人每年需要姑息治疗 — — 2000 万的那些在生命的尽头

The atlas reports about one-third of those who need it have cancer.(14)
Atlas 报告约三分之一的那些需要它的人得了癌症。

Others, it said, have progressive illnesses affecting the heart, lungs, liver, kidney and brain.(15)
其他,它说,有逐步影响心、 肺、 肝、 肾和脑的疾病。

HIV and drug-resistant tuberculosis are included.(16)

“Palliative care is, we believe, a human right.(17)

And when people are suffering -- and the means to relieve that suffering is available -- we feel it must be provided to relieve the suffering of millions of people each year,” he said.(18)
当人们在遭受苦难 — — 和必须提供的手段,以纾缓那痛苦是可用--我们的感受,以缓解每年数以百万计的人们的痛苦,"他说。

It’s important, he said, that such care include the families of those who are sick.(19)

“Sometimes we need to care for the family in order for them to provide care to the person that they love.(20)

And we also know that when someone has a bad experience when they’re seriously ill – and then at the end of life – it has effects on the family that are far reaching in the bereavement period.(21)
我们也知道,当一个人糟糕的经历,他们病得很严重 — — 的时候,然后在结束了生命 — — 它有关于家庭在丧期间影响深远的影响。

Many times people will have difficult adjustments and it’ll affect their ability to work or function.”(22)

The Global Atlas of Palliative Care calls on all countries to make it part of their healthcare systems.(23)
全球缓和关心 Atlas 呼吁所有国家,使它成为他们的医疗保健系统的一部分。

Doing so, it says, can reduce costs because patients actually spend less time in the hospital and more time at home.(24)

Countries are also called on to provide essential medications to relieve pain, including oral morphine, and to have specialists available.(25)

Connor said, “It’s sometimes not so much a matter of having to create a new a new health service, but adapt the existing health service.”(26)

The atlas can be downloaded at the websites of the World Health Organization and the Worldwide Palliative Care Alliance.(27)
图集可以在世界  生组织和全世界姑息关怀联盟的网站上下载。

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