Robot Can Help With Farm Work
2016-11-06 21:19:43


In the American state of Idaho, a robot moves between lines of fruit trees and grapevines. It is doing farm work.(1)
在美国爱达荷州的一个机器人行果树和葡萄藤之间移动。它在农场里干活。

Called “IdaBot,” this robot is a prototype, or model.(2)
被称为"IdaBot",这种机器人是一个原型或模型。

An engineering team at Northwest Nazarene University in Nampa, Idaho, developed IdaBot.(3)
工程团队在南帕,爱达荷州,西北拿撒勒大学开发 IdaBot。

It looks like a small military tank. But, it is armed with cameras and radio frequency sensors instead of guns.(4)
它看起来像一个小的军事坦克。但是,它手持照相机和射频感应器而不是枪。

It moves slowly through an orchard, spraying chemicals on each plant that needs treatment.(5)
它缓缓地穿过一片果园,喷施每个需要处理的植物化学物质。

It can do other jobs too, including watching over crops and harvesting them.(6)
它也可以做其他工作,包括看着庄稼和收获它们。

How the robot works(7)
机器人的工作原理

The robot uses radio frequency identification in its work.(8)
机器人在其工作中采用射频识别。

This process uses electronic devices on the trees or grapevines to identify them.(9)
这过程使用电子设备上的树木或葡萄藤来识别它们。

As the IdaBot moves through the orchards, it “reads” the devices on the plants to learn what it needs.(10)
随着 IdaBot 穿过果园,它"读取"上植物学会它所需要的设备。

Josh Griffin is one of the project leaders. He explains how the robot works.(11)
乔什 · 格里芬是项目负责人之一。他解释说,机器人的工作原理。

“You can program into the IdaBot, trees number one, and trees number five need chemicals.(12)
"你可以到 IdaBot,树木一号,程序和树编号五种需要化学品。

Each tree will have a radio frequency identification tag on it.(13)
每棵树都会有射频识别标签。

The IdaBot would use the signal from the tag to determine which tree it is next to.(14)
IdaBot 将使用从标记信号来确定它是下一步到哪棵树。

When it is next to tree five, it will spray chemicals on tree number five, when it is on tree number one, it will spray the chemicals there.”(15)
五棵树旁边的时候,它会喷农药上树五号,当它在第一棵树,它会喷化学品那里."

Griffin, an assistant engineering professor, says the robot can work on its own.(16)
格里芬,助理工程教授,说︰ 机器人可以工作在其自身上。

It can also work with other technology, like drones – small pilotless planes.(17)
它也可以工作与其他技术,如无人驾驶飞机 — — 小型无人驾驶飞机。

In an experiment, a drone carried a special camera that captures images of grapevines or fruit trees.(18)
在实验中,一架无人驾驶飞机进行一个特殊的相机捕捉图像的葡萄藤或果树。

The image information is processed through a computer program.(19)
图像信息是通过计算机程序进行处理。

The color of the image lets the robot know how much chemical the plants need.(20)
图像的颜色让我们知道多少化学物质的植物需要的机器人。

Griffin says the robot can help farmers save money on labor.(21)
格里芬说,机器人可以帮助节省劳动的农民。

It also saves money by reducing the use of chemicals. And that helps the environment.(22)
它还通过减少化学品的使用节省钱。而那会有助于环境。

“It automatically, without human intervention, applies the chemicals and then it does so in very low pressure. So, it does so very precisely.(23)
"它自动进行,无需人工干预,适用的化学品,然后它以非常低的压力。因此,它非常精确地这样做。

The chemicals go where you want them to go, not over spraying to other areas.”(24)
化学物质去哪里你想要他们去,不在喷洒到其他领域。

Fruit Counting Application(25)
水果计数中的应用

The robot team of students and professors is also developing a Fruit Counting Application for the IdaBot.(26)
为 IdaBot 机器人团队的学生和教授还在开发一个水果计数应用程序。

It uses a vision system to correctly estimate the size of the fruit crop.(27)
它使用一个视觉系统正确估计的水果作物的大小。

Duke Bulanon, another assistant engineering professor, works with Griffin on the project.(28)
公爵 Bulanon,另一个助理工程教授,工作与格里芬的项目。

He explains that the system will use several different kinds of cameras—color, near-infrared and stereo cameras.(29)
他解释说,系统将使用几种不同的相机 — — 颜色、 近红外和立体摄影机。

They will take images from each tree as IdaBot moves along the orchard.(30)
他们将从每一棵树的图像 IdaBot 沿着果园。

“Then we will use those images and create a computer program to estimate the number of fruits on each tree.”(31)
"然后我们会使用这些图像并创建一个计算机程序来估计每棵树的果实的数目。

Farmer Michael Williamson owns an orchard in Caldwell, Idaho.(32)
农夫迈克尔 · 威廉姆森拥有果园考德威尔,爱达荷州。

He says he is looking forward to trying out the computer program on his trees.(33)
他说,他期待着尝试他的树上的计算机程序。

“I am very excited about this experiment and this machine that can count our fruit.(34)
"我非常兴奋,这个实验和这台机器,可以信赖我们的水果。

We can get a better price for our customers if we pre-order or pre-sell our fruit months in advance.(35)
如果我们预先订购或预销售我们的水果提前数月,我们可以为我们的客户得到更好的价格。

Sometimes it can be better than 20 percent.(36)
有时它可以更好 20%以上。

And that is the important part about the fruit counting.”(37)
即关于水果计数的重要部分。

Being able to get a correct count of the fruit helps in many ways.(38)
能够在很多方面得到水果有助于正确的计数。

Farmer Williamson says if they have a correct count of the fruit, he can predict how many people he needs for the harvest.(39)
农夫威廉姆森说,是否他们有正确的计数的水果,他可以预测他需要收获的多少人。

He can also predict how many shipping boxes he will need to ship them. And, he says, he can predict the market.(40)
他也可以预测他将需要把它们的多少运输箱。而且,他说,他可以预测市场。

What will it cost?(41)
它将花费什么?

How much would farmers have to pay for this robot? Big pieces of farm equipment can be expensive.(42)
如何将农民要多付的这种机器人?大块的农场设备可以是昂贵的。

But Griffin estimates a basic IdaBot that uses radio frequency identification technology would be relatively low-cost.(43)
但格里芬估计基本的 IdaBot 使用无线射频识别技术将是成本相对较低。

“We do anticipate that it will be fairly affordable. You know, kind of on the order of maybe buying a pickup truck or something like that.”(44)
"我们预计它将相当实惠。你知道,种顺序也许这样买了一辆小货车或东西。

The researchers expect the money the farmers save by using this robot would also help consumers—because they will find lower fruit prices at the market.(45)
研究人员希望农民节约的使用这种机器人也有助于消费者 — — 因为他们会发现,在市场上较低的水果价格。

I’m Anne Ball.(46)
我是安妮球。


All Articles fetched from Voice of America RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feeds and copyrighted by voanews.com