Beyond the law: Are encrypted smartphones too private for the FBI?
2014-09-28 22:27:56

ALISON STEWART: The debate over personal privacy versus national security took a new turn Thursday(1)
ALISON STEWART:国家安全与个人隐私争论了新一轮 (星期四)

when the director of the FBI criticized Apple and Google for developing encrypted smartphones,(2)

devices he warned would allow people to place themselves beyond the law.(3)

For more about this, we’re joined now by Julia Angwin. She’s a senior reporter at ProPublica.(4)
更多关于这个,我们是由茱莉亚.安格现在加入。她是一位资深记者在 ProPublica。

So, Julia what are these companies doing that has the NSA so concerned?(5)

JULIA ANGWIN: Essentially the way to think of this is that they’re allowing you to encrypt the equivalent of your hard drive.(6)
JULIA ANGWIN:基本上认为这的方法是他们允许您进行加密,相当于您的硬盘。

So, the way you have a home computer and you might want to encrypt your hard drive,(7)

now you have a hard drive on your phone and you can encrypt that.(8)

So, that means basically any information that’s stored on your phone would now be secure and really unreadable by anyone who doesn’t have your passcode.(9)

But it’s worth pointing out that almost every bit of data I have on my phone is also replicated somewhere else.(10)

For instance, my emails might be stored on Google servers, or my photos might be backed up on iCloud.(11)
例如,我的电子邮件可能存储在谷歌服务器上,或者可能在 iCloud 上备份我的照片。

So all of that data, if it’s somewhere else, most likely is obtainable by the FBI.(12)

ALISON STEWART: So, if this data is readily available in other places, why is the FBI so upset?(13)
ALISON STEWART:因此,如果在其他地方,这个数据是现成的为什么是联邦调查局不高兴?

JULIA ANGWIN: The FBI would of course like their job to be as easy as possible.(14)
JULIA ANGWIN:联邦调查局当然会喜欢自己的工作要尽可能容易。

I think all of us are slightly sympathetic to the idea that we want law enforcement to have as many tools as possible,(15)

but in this particular case we’re talking about a very small subset of their data, which is the physical device.(16)

They have to come get your actual device from you and then they want to unlock that information, but in the end they are going to get that information.(17)

 They have not yet presented an actual case where they would have failed to complete their investigation without this information.(18)

ALISON STEWART: So, what is in it for these Silicon valley giants to up their game in privacy at this point?(19)
ALISON STEWART:那么,是什么在它为这些硅谷巨头放弃他们的游戏在这一点上的隐私?

JULIA ANGWIN: I think in the post-Snowden era they’re realizing that they can use this as a marketing tool,(20)
JULIA ANGWIN:我认为,在开机自检 Snowden 时代他们就意识到他们可以利用这作为一种营销工具,

which is, ‘hey, I’ve got better privacies than you.’(21)

This is actually the first time that we have kind of seen a ‘privacy war.’(22)
这实际上是第一次我们有种看到 '隐私战争'。

Apple came out with its encrypted default setting for your phone, and then immediately Google came out and said, ‘we’re doing the same thing.’.(23)

To be fair, Google had offered the option earlier, but it wasn’t a default.(24)

So, now they’re kind of playing this race, which we usually see on things like camera-resolution and now we’re seeing it on privacy.(25)

That might, maybe, usher in an era where people might start to compete on privacy features.(26)

ALISON STEWART: It’s interesting that Tim Cook, Apple’s CEO, sort of distanced himself saying,(27)
ALISON STEWART:值得一提的是苹果公司的首席执行官蒂姆 · 库克有点疏远自己说,

‘we sell devices, not your data,’ almost like a marketing tool.(28)

JULIA ANGWIN: Right. Yes, absolutely. That’s his differentiating point, which is Google is selling your data.(29)
JULIA ANGWIN:好。是的绝对。这就是他区分点,这谷歌卖您的数据。

I mean they’re not selling it directly, but they’re selling advertisers the ability to access information about you in order to target ads at you.(30)

That is their business model, and you don’t pay Google anything, and I’m paying what seems ungodly amounts of money to Apple all the time.(31)

ALISON STEWART: Tell me a little bit about why this is different than any encryption that we’ve done before.(32)
ALISON STEWART:告诉我一点关于这种比我们已经做过的任何加密不同的原因。

JULIA ANGWIN: We’ve always had this idea that the data we store on our machine, which is generally in our home, is ours and it’s secure,(33)
JULIA ANGWIN:一直以来,我们在我们的机器存储的数据,这通常是在我们家,是我们和它是安全的这个想法

and if you want it, you’re going to have to come and actually get that device and break into it.(34)

It’s not that different it, but our phones we carry around with us and they do get sort of ceased in arrests, or whatever,(35)

and police would like to thumb through them and they often do have a search warrant for it.(36)

But they can once again get almost all of that information other ways.(37)

They can go to the cellphone carrier, for instance if they want to know who you and I are calling,(38)

we already know the NSA has long, handy logs of all of that.(39)

But let’s say the local police don’t have access to the NSA logs,(40)

they also can go to the local AT&T or Verizon with a search warrant and get it from them.(41)
他们也可以转到当地的 AT&T 或者 Verizon 与搜查令,并从他们那里得到。

ALISON STEWART: Julia Angwin from ProPublica, thank you so much.(42)
ALISON STEWART:茱莉亚.安格从 ProPublica,谢谢你这么多。

JULIA ANGWIN: Thank you.(43)

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