The dangers of our ‘new data economy,’ and how to avoid them
2019-03-14 00:00:00


JUDY WOODRUFF: A top Facebook executive incharge of all their products announced today(1)
JUDY WOODRUFF:Fa​​cebook首席执行官,负责今天宣布的所有产品

he is leaving the social media giant.(2)
他正离开社交媒体巨头。

It is the highest-level departure in years,and comes amidst mounting criticism of how(3)
这是多年来最高级别的离职,并且正受到越来越多的批评

the company handles users' data.(4)
该公司处理用户的数据。

Tonight, we hear from Roger McNamee.(5)
今晚,我们听到Roger McNamee的消息。

He was an early investor in Facebook, stillholds a stake in it, but is now a vocal critic.(6)
他是Facebook的早期投资者,仍然持有它的股份,但现在是一个声音评论家。

He offers his Humble Opinion on how we needto stop being passive and decide how of -- our(7)
他提出了关于我们如何需要停止被动并决定如何 - 我们的谦卑意见

personal information we want to share.(8)
我们想要分享的个人信息。

ROGER MCNAMEE, Author, "Zucked": Data is replacingoil as the most valuable commodity in our(9)
ROGER MCNAMEE,作者,“Zucked”:数据正在取代石油作为我们最有价值的商品

economy.(10)
经济。

Unlike oil, where ownership is tied to theproperty under which it resides, corporations(11)
与石油不同,石油所有权与其所在的财产有关,即公司

acquire highly personal data in the courseof a transaction and assert ownership forever.(12)
在交易过程中获取高度个人化的数据并永久地主张所有权。

Instead of asking permission, corporationstake what they want and challenge us to object.(13)
公司不是要求许可,而是采取他们想要的东西,并挑战我们反对。

Thanks to the proliferation of smart devicesand low-cost networks, the value of data is(14)
由于智能设备和低成本网络的激增,数据的价值在于

rising exponentially, while the cost of collectingit remains relatively low.(15)
以指数方式上升,而收集它的成本仍然相对较低。

This has encouraged a range of surveillanceschemes by Internet platforms and vendors(16)
这鼓励了互联网平台和供应商的一系列监控方案

of smart devices, as well as more aggressivemarketing of data by brokers, cellular carriers,(17)
智能设备,以及经纪人,移动运营商更积极的数据营销,

credit card processors and the like.(18)
信用卡处理器等。

Consumers feed the machine because of theconvenience it provides.(19)
消费者因为它提供的便利而为机器供电。

But we, the people, have little say in thisnew data economy.(20)
但是,我们人民在这种新的数据经济中几乎没有发言权。

We are merely the subject, and, increasingly,the victims of it.(21)
我们只是主题,而且越来越多地成为它的受害者。

There are few rules in this country when itcomes to the gathering or use of data.(22)
在收集或使用数据时,这个国家的规则很少。

Important questions need to be asked.(23)
需要提出重要问题。

Why, for example, is it legal to sell or tradedata about our credit card purchases, our(24)
例如,为什么出售或交易有关我们信用卡购买的数据是合法的,我们的

personal health, geolocation, or Internetactivity?(25)
个人健康,地理位置或互联网活动?

Why is it legal for smart devices to listenin on us in our bedrooms and offices?(26)
为什么智能设备在我们的卧室和办公室里听我们是合法的?

Why is it legal to collect any data at allabout minors?(27)
为什么收集有关未成年人的任何数据是合法的?

Why do data companies generally bear no liabilitywhen they take or use our data without permission?(28)
为什么数据公司在未经许可的情况下获取或使用我们的数据时通常不承担任何责

There are many legitimate uses of data, andmany benefits to the consumer, like improved(29)
有许多合法的数据用途,并为消费者带来许多好处,如改进

search results and relevant ads.(30)
搜索结果和相关广告。

But in today's Wild West of data, the potentialfor harm is great.(31)
但在今天的狂野西部数据中,潜在的伤害是巨大的。

For example, it's not hard to imagine sitesthat track mouse movement will be able to(32)
例如,不难想象跟踪鼠标移动的网站将能够

discern symptoms of neurological conditions,like Parkinson's disease, before the user(33)
在用户面前辨别出帕金森病等神经系统疾病的症状

is even aware of them.(34)
甚至意识到了它们。

Today, there is no requirement that the userbe notified, but the site is free to sell(35)
今天,不要求通知用户,但该网站可以自由销售

that information to the highest bidder, perhapsan insurance company, which might raise rates(36)
向最高出价者(可能是保险公司)提供这些信息,这可能会提高利率

or terminate coverage.(37)
或终止承保。

We are at an inflection point.(38)
我们处于拐点。

Data can be used to manipulate and controlus.(39)
数据可用于操纵和控制我们。

Is that what we want?(40)
这是我们想要的吗?

Technology companies must acknowledge theirpower and responsibilities.(41)
技术公司必须承认他们的权力和责任。

Government must enforce a fairer balance betweenthe interests of business and consumers.(42)
政府必须在企业和消费者的利益之间实现更公平的平衡。

And consumers must recognize that conveniencehas a far greater cost than is advertised.(43)
消费者必须认识到,便利性的成本远远高于广告宣传的成本。


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