哈马斯宣布解散加沙地带行政机构
2017-10-11 15:38:18


In late September, the government of Gaza, Hamas, announced its agreement to dissolve its governing body and allow the Palestinian Authority to assume its full responsibilities there.(1)
9月末,加沙政府哈马斯宣布其同意解散管理实体,并允许巴勒斯坦当局承担其在该地区的全部责任。

Hamas has also agreed to talks with the rival Fatah movement and agreed in principle to hold general elections in Gaza and the West Bank.(2)
哈马斯也同意与敌手法塔赫进行谈话,并大体上同意在加沙和约旦河西岸举行大选。

Gaza is a self-governing Palestinian territory that was captured from Egypt by Israel during the 1967 Arab-Israeli War.(3)
加沙是巴勒斯坦一片自治的领土, 并在1967年的阿以战争中由埃及转入以色列之手。

In the mid-1990s, under the Oslo accords(4)
20世纪90年代中期,在奥斯陆协议的规定下,

Israel transferred security and civilian responsibility for numerous Palestinian-populated areas of Gaza and the West Bank to the newly-created Palestinian Authority,(5)
以色列将加沙和西岸由大批巴勒斯坦人居住地区的安全与民事责任转交给了新成立的巴勒斯坦当局,

but kept control of Gaza's land and maritime borders and airspace.(6)
不过依然保留着加沙陆海空的控制权。

Since 2006, Gaza has been controlled by Hamas, which ousted the more moderate Fatah party.(7)
自2006年以来,加沙就受到哈马斯的控制,而哈马斯也驱逐了更为温和法塔赫政党。

Hamas' stated goal since its inception has been to carry out an armed struggle against Israel.(8)
自哈马斯成立以来,其对外宣称的目标就是实行对抗以色列的武装斗争。

It has been a U.S. designated Foreign Terrorist Organization, and is also designated by Israel .(9)
哈马斯是美国认定的境外恐怖组织,这一点也得到了以色列的认可。

Therefore, since 2006, Israel and Egypt have enforced tight restrictions on movement and access of goods and individuals into and out of Gaza.(10)
因此,自2006年以来,以色列和埃及就对出入加沙的所有物品和个人进行了严格的限制。

The takeover of Gaza by Hamas has left the Palestinians torn between two governments,with President Mahmoud Abbas' Palestinian Authority governing autonomous areas of the West Bank.(11)
哈马斯掌管加沙的动作让巴勒斯坦人夹在在两个政府之间备受折磨。 此外,马哈茂德 阿巴斯总统执掌的当局管制着西岸的自治地区。

Until now, reconciliation attempts have repeatedly failed.(12)
直到现在,协调工作已经一再失败。

Moving forward in its assumption of authority over Gaza, on October 3rd,the Palestinian Authority cabinet met in Gaza for the first time since 2014.(13)
在掌管加沙后的10月3日, 巴勒斯坦当局内阁进行了自2014年以来在加沙的第一次会晤。

The United States welcomes efforts to create the conditions for the Palestinian Authority to fully assume its responsibilities in Gaza,(14)
美国支持采取行动为巴勒斯坦当局充分承担其在加沙责任而创造条件,

said White House Representative for International Negotiations Jason Greenblatt.(15)
白宫国际谈判特别代表格林布莱特(Jason Greenblatt)如是说道。

We will be watching these developments closely,(16)
我们会密切关注事态的发展,

while pressing forward with the Palestinian Authority, Israel, and international donors to try to improve the humanitarian situation in Gaza.(17)
同时也会继续与巴勒斯坦当局、以色列、国际上的其他捐献国一道 尽力推进加沙的人道主义形势。

The United States stresses that any Palestinian government must unambiguously and explicitly commit to nonviolence,(18)
美国强调,任何巴勒斯坦政府必须明确推进非暴力、

recognition of the State of Israel, acceptance of previous agreements and obligations between the parties, and peaceful negotiations.(19)
对以色列的认可、对各方此前协议和义务的接受、和平谈判。


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