Freezing classrooms spark heated debate over Baltimore's school infrastructure
2018-02-13 00:00:00


JUDY WOODRUFF: But first: a pair of storiesin Baltimore, and the serious problems residents(1)
朱迪·伍德拉夫:但是首先:一对在巴尔的摩的故事,以及严重的问题居民

face with some civic institutions.(2)
面对一些民间机构。

Schools in Maryland's biggest city close occasionallydue to winter weather, but the problems in(3)
学校在马里兰州最大城市接近偶尔由于冬季天气,但存在的问题

Baltimore public schools this season havehighlighted much bigger questions.(4)
巴尔的摩公立学校本赛季已经强调了更大的问题。

Outrage erupted last month after studentsfound themselves in frigid classrooms when(5)
愤怒上个月爆发的学生发现自己在寒冷的教室时后

heating systems failed in at least 60 schools.(6)
加热系统中的至少60所学校失败。

It's opened up a larger debate about fundingand fixing them.(7)
它开辟了有关资金和修复它们更大的争论。

John Yang has both of our reports tonight,beginning with our weekly segment, Making(8)
约翰·扬两个我们的报道已在今夜,我们每周段开始,制作

the Grade.(9)
等级。

WOMAN: We got to protest and we got to standup for our kids as parents.(10)
女:我们得到了抗议,我们一定要站起来为我们的孩子父母。

JOHN YANG: In the jam-packed cafeteria ofan East Baltimore high school, the head of(11)
翰洋:在东巴尔的摩高中挤满食堂,头

the city's school system faced frustratedparents.(12)
全市教育系统面临受挫的父母。

WOMAN: What happened to the maintenance keepingthat school up?(13)
女:怎么了维护保持那所学校吗?

WOMAN: I agree with you.(14)
女:我同意你的看法。

And you should be angry.(15)
你应该生气。

JOHN YANG: What sparked this heated outpouring?(16)
翰洋:是什么引发这种加热流露?

Images that went viral on social media inearly January of children bundled in coats,(17)
图片现场发生的社会化媒体病毒在大衣捆绑儿童1月初,

hats and scarves in aging classrooms barelywarmer than the frigid temperatures outside.(18)
帽子和围巾在老化教室勉强比外面寒冷温度温暖。

More than a third of the city's 171 publicschools, the oldest in state, reported a lack(19)
超过全市171所公立学校的三分之一,在国家最古老的报道缺乏

of heat.(20)
热。

A handful closed for repairs.(21)
少数关闭维修。

Boilers and pipes froze and burst, floodingclassrooms, collapsing ceiling tiles and ruining(22)
锅炉和管道冻结和突发,洪水教室,倒塌的天花板瓦片和破坏

newly upgraded equipment.(23)
新升级的设备。

While the problems were brought on by a briefcold snap, they underscored longstanding funding(24)
虽然问题进行了一个简短的寒流带来的,他们强调长期资金

issues.(25)
的问题。

Parents and teachers demanded answers, asdid students.(26)
家长和教师们要求的答案,就像学生。

JON GRAY, Student: Everybody wants to succeed,and it's hard for students, or it's hard for(27)
乔恩·格雷,学生:每个人都想成功,很难对学生,还是很难对

teachers to help their students succeed ifit's cold, if it's freezing cold.(28)
教师要帮助学生成功,如果它的冷,如果它的寒冷。

JOHN YANG: Jon Gray is a sophomore at BaltimoreCity College, a selective-admissions college(29)
翰洋:乔恩·格雷是在巴尔的摩城市学院,选择性录取大学二年级

prep high school.(30)
预习高中。

He says he had seen heating problems before,but nothing like this.(31)
他说,他以前见过的发热问题,但这样的事。

JON GRAY: So, let's say I have failed a class.(32)
乔恩·格雷:那么,让我们说我失败的一类。

I can go to coach class, so I can study up.(33)
我可以去经济舱,这样我就可以晚自习。

But if I come to school, and there is no heat,I can't really go downstairs and cut the heat(34)
但是,如果我来上学,并没有热,我真的不能下楼,切热

on.(35)
上。

So it makes students feel, like, powerless.(36)
因此,它使学生感受到一样,无力回天。

JOHN YANG: What does it feel like to cometo a school where the heat is so bad, you(37)
翰洋:这是什么感觉就像来到一所学校的热量是如此糟糕,你

have to wear your coat in class?(38)
有穿你的外套在上课吗?

There are signs in the bathroom telling younot to drink the water?(39)
有在浴室告诉你不要喝的水的迹象?

JON GRAY: Kind of just makes you look back,like, where is our support?(40)
乔恩·格雷:类只是让你回头,等等,其中我们的支持?

When are things going to, like, move or changefor us?(41)
当事情要一样,移动或改变我们呢?

JOHN YANG: Rosalyn Taylor's son Jaden (ph)is a fifth-grader at(42)
翰洋:罗莎琳·泰勒的儿子贾登(pH值)是一个五年级学生在

Leith Walk Elementary/Middle School in NorthBaltimore, one of the schools that closed.(43)
雷斯城小学/中学北巴尔的摩,该关闭的学校之一。

ROSALYN TAYLOR, Parent: When I went to pickJaden up from school, I noticed that it was(44)
ROSALYN TAYLOR,家长:当我去接贾登放学,我注意到,这是

really, really cold in the building.(45)
确实,在建筑真的很冷。

And I was like, why is it so cold in here?(46)
而且我当时想,为什么这里那么冷?

And they was like, well, we didn't have anyheat.(47)
他们当时想,好了,我们没有任何热量。

JOHN YANG: What does this make you think ofthe Baltimore Public Schools?(48)
翰洋:这是什么让你想到了巴尔的摩公立学校的?

ROSALYN TAYLOR: I think about transparencyof what is happening with the funding that(49)
ROSALYN泰勒:我想想与资金发生的透明度

we get for each student.(50)
我们得到的每一个学生。

Where's the money going?(51)
哪里的钱去?

And where's my taxpayer dollars going?(52)
哪里是我的纳税人的钱去?

JOHN YANG: Baltimore City schools have a $1.3billion operating budget.(53)
翰洋:巴尔的摩市学校有$ 1.3十亿的运营预算。

Nearly three-quarters of it comes from thestate of Maryland.(54)
近它的四分之三来自美国马里兰州的状态。

Despite that state aid, city schools stillhad to close a $130 million deficit in the(55)
尽管国家援助,城市学校仍然关闭在一个$ 130亿元的亏损

last spending year.(56)
去年支出一年。

The school board is still making cuts everywhere,including to maintenance.(57)
学校董事会仍在进行切割随处可见,包括保养。

Between 2013 and 2017, Maryland allocated$12.8 million to Baltimore to deal with aging(58)
2013年和2017年间,美国马里兰州拨款300万$ 12.8巴尔的摩应对老龄化

schools.(59)
学校。

After the cold snap, Maryland Governor LarryHogan announced he would spend $2.5 million(60)
寒流后,马里兰州州长拉里·霍根宣布,他将花费$ 2.5百万

of the state's emergency fund on immediaterepairs.(61)
对即时维修状态的应急基金。

He also said he would give Baltimore schoolsan additional $11 million next year.(62)
他还表示,他将给巴尔的摩学校额外的$ 11万部,明年。

Hogan said his administration has made schoolheating and cooling projects a priority.(63)
霍甘表示,他的政府做出了学校供暖和制冷项目的优先事项。

He blames district leadership for maintenanceproblems.(64)
他指责区领导进行维修的问题。

GOV.(65)
GOV。

LARRY HOGAN (R), Maryland: We simply cannotallow children to be punished year after year(66)
拉里·霍根(R),马里兰州:我们根本不能让孩子成为一年后一年的惩罚

because their adult leaders are failing.(67)
因为他们的成年领导人失败。

DR.(68)
DR。

SONJA SANTELISES, CEO, Baltimore City PublicSchools: We resort to a knee-jerk response(69)
SONJA SANTELISES,CEO,巴尔的摩市公立学校:我们再打一个下意识的反应

of, it must be mismanagement.(70)
的,它必须是管理不善。

JOHN YANG: Sonja Santelises is the CEO ofBaltimore City Public Schools.(71)
翰洋:宋佳Santelises是巴尔的摩市公立学校的CEO。

DR.(72)
DR。

SONJA SANTELISES: Baltimore City has moreneed.(73)
SONJA SANTELISES:巴尔的摩市有更多的需求。

You can't look at underfunding for numbersof years and then say for a year or two we're(74)
你可以不看为资金不足的年数,然后说一两个我们一年

going to give you $10 million more, and thatmakes up for the millions upon millions of(75)
想给你$ 10万,并以百万计的,构成了数以百万计

dollars that the school system didn't get.(76)
美元的学校系统没有得到。

I actually think that's a bit disingenuous,and it's overly simplistic.(77)
其实,我觉得这是一个有点虚伪,这是过于简单化。

JOHN YANG: She says part of the problem ishow the state awards maintenance funding.(78)
翰洋:她说,问题的一部分是怎样的状态奖项维修资金。

Districts with cash on hand can pay for repairsand then ask for reimbursement.(79)
手头现金区可以支付修理,然后要求报销。

But Baltimore schools often can't afford topay for those projects up front.(80)
但巴尔的摩学校往往无法负担支付这些项目的前面。

DR.(81)
DR。

SONJA SANTELISES: We're coming with a guess,where other counties are coming with a receipt.(82)
SONJA SANTELISES:我们正在与猜测,而其他县市与收据来了来了。

If I'm going to take responsibility for improvingthe maintenance of school buildings, the oversight(83)
如果我要负起责任,改善校舍的维护,监督

of those school buildings, then, quite frankly,others need to take responsibility for making(84)
这些校舍的话,坦率地说,其他人需要承担的责任作出

sure the investment and the funds are there.(85)
确保投资和资金在那里。

JOHN YANG: A 2012 report from the districtfound 69 percent of schools in very poor condition(86)
翰洋:从区2012年报告发现的学校69%的条件极差

and estimated it would take $2.5 billion toupdate them.(87)
并估计需要$ 2.5十亿更新它们。

Rosemont Elementary/Middle is one of the schoolsin need of repair.(88)
罗斯芒特小学/中学需要维修的学校之一。

The school's 47-year-old roof was scheduledto be replaced in January, until the school(89)
这所学校的47岁的屋顶被安排在一月份被替换,直到学校

told parents there was asbestos.(90)
告诉父母有石棉。

BRYANT WHITENER, Parent: I was frustrated.(91)
BRYANT增白剂,家长:我很沮丧。

I was frustrated.(92)
我很沮丧。

I was angry.(93)
我很生气。

I was betrayed, misled.(94)
我被出卖,被误导。

JOHN YANG: Bryant Whitener's 5-year-old daughter,Jamaya (ph), is a pre-K student at Rosemont.(95)
翰洋:科比增白剂的5岁女儿,Jamaya(PH),是在罗斯芒特一个学前班学生。

BRYANT WHITENER: When these parents in thiscommunity or in any community wake up in the(96)
BRYANT增白剂:当这些家长在这个社区或以任何社会中醒来

morning, the first thing they don't want tohave to worry about is, is it safe for my(97)
早上,他们并不想的第一件事必须要担心的是,它是安全的我

child to go to school inside of the building?(98)
孩子上学建筑物内?

JOHN YANG: Whitener and other parents organizeda school boycott, keeping their children at(99)
翰洋:增白剂和其他家长组织了学校的抵制,保持他们的孩子

home until the district rescheduled the repairsfor the summer break.(100)
家,直到该地区重新安排维修的暑假。

BRYANT WHITENER: I would rather have my kidsin an environment where's it's a zero risk.(101)
BRYANT增白剂:我宁愿让我的孩子在那里是它是一个零风险的环境。

Not a small risk.(102)
一个不小的风险。

Not 1 percent.(103)
不是1%。

Not a 2 percent.(104)
不是2%。

Not a half-percent.(105)
没有一个半个百分点。

JOHN YANG: In 2013, Baltimore school officialslaunched a 10-year, billion-dollar upgrade(106)
翰洋:在2013年,巴尔的摩的学校官员展开了为期10年,价值数十亿美元升级

to nearly two dozen schools, the 21st CenturySchool buildings plan.(107)
近二十几所名校,21世纪学校的建筑计划。

DR.(108)
DR。

SONJA SANTELISES: What you see now is an investmentof over $1 billion, because we knew we needed(109)
SONJA SANTELISES:你现在看到的是$ 1十亿投资,因为我们知道我们需要

new schools.(110)
新的学校。

JOHN YANG: Fort Worthington Elementary/MiddleSchool was one of the first to be rebuilt.(111)
翰洋:沃辛顿堡小学/中学是第一个重建的一个。

Monique Debi is the principal.(112)
莫尼克德比是主要的。

MONIQUE DEBI, Principal, Fort WorthingtonElementary/Middle School: It feels good to(113)
MONIQUE DEBI,校长,沃辛顿堡小学/中学:感觉好

be in a space that has technology for children,that has interactive smart boards.(114)
在具有技术对儿童的空间,具有交互智能板。

We have the flex furniture here and a collaborativespace.(115)
我们这里有柔性的家具和协作空间。

JOHN YANG: As a school principal and as aneducator, what does it mean to be in a facility(116)
翰洋:作为校长,并作为一个教育工作者,这是什么意思是在一个工厂

like this?(117)
喜欢这个?

MONIQUE DEBI: I think this atmosphere speaksto the investment that we're making in our(118)
MONIQUE DEBI:我觉得这种氛围激发了我们在正在做投资我们

children and our families and in their future.(119)
孩子和我们的家庭和他们的未来。

And so when they have what they need to learnand the basic need is met, the worry is less,(120)
所以当他们有什么,他们需要学习的基本需求得到满足,忧的是少,

and you're able to focus more on teachingand learning.(121)
并且你能够更专注于教学和学习。

JOHN YANG: But the plan only calls for between23 and 28 new buildings out of at least 140(122)
翰洋:但是只计划要求23和28之间的新楼房了至少140

in need of repair, and is completion now setfor 2021.(123)
需要修理,并在完成现在设置2021。

For Jon Gray, the Baltimore City college sophomore,that's too few and too far in the future.(124)
对于乔恩·格雷,巴尔的摩市的大二学生,这是太少,在未来太远。

JON GRAY: I can't worry about whether or notI know everything on this test to pass if(125)
乔恩·格雷:我可以不用担心我是否不知道在这个测试都通过,如果

I can't even focus.(126)
我甚至不能集中。

I'm cold.(127)
我很冷。

We need an answer now, because while we'rebuilding those schools, students are still(128)
现在,我们需要一个答案,因为当我们正在建设的学校,学生仍

cold.(129)
冷。

The water is still dirty.(130)
水还是很脏。

We need money to be able to build our 21stcentury schools, but at the same time keep(131)
我们需要钱能够建立我们的21世纪的学校,但同时保持

up the schools we have now.(132)
了学校,我们现在有。

JOHN YANG: Without long-term solutions todecades-old funding problems, Baltimore students(133)
翰洋:如果没有长期的解决方案,以几十年的老资金问题,巴尔的摩学生

are likely to continue to struggle in classroomsthat are either too cold or, with spring approaching,(134)
很可能会继续,而有些过冷或教室奋斗,与春天的临近,

too hot for learning.(135)
太热了学习。

For the "PBS NewsHour," I'm John Yang in Baltimore.(136)
对于“新闻时间PBS,”我是约翰·杨在巴尔的摩。


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