Memorial Day Honors Military Service and Sacrifice
2013-05-27 00:30:24

Memorial Day Honors Military Service and Sacrifice(1)

We visit the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, the World War II Memorial and other honors to those who served America This Is America(2)
我们对那些人送达美国这是美国访问越南老兵纪念碑、 世界第二次世界大战纪念馆和其他荣誉

Welcome to This Is America with VOA Learning English.(3)

Steve Ember and Barbara Klein tell about Memorial Day.(4)
史帝文安博和芭芭拉 · 克莱因告诉纪念日子。

We Remember(5)

The last Monday in May is a national holiday. Memorial Day honors those who died in military service.(6)
5 月的最后一个星期一是一个国家的节日。阵亡将士纪念日荣誉那些死在军队服役。

But any time of year, visitors to the nation's capital can see a number of memorials that honor members of the armed forces.(7)

The Final Resting Place(8)

Part of the tradition of an American military funeral is the playing of a bugle call known as taps. Taps is also played at military burial grounds during Memorial Day ceremonies.(9)

Memorial Day honors all of those who have died in America's wars. But the holiday began as a way to remember soldiers killed in the Civil War.(10)

On May 30, 1868, flowers were placed on the graves of Union and Confederate soldiers at Arlington National Cemetery.(11)
在 1868 年 5 月 30 日上, 鲜花被放在联盟和同盟士兵在阿灵顿国家公墓的坟墓。

Lines of simple white headstones mark the graves. The 80-hectare cemetery also serves as a burial place for people of national and historical importance.(12)
简单的白色墓碑线标记的坟墓。80 公顷公墓还担任人民的民族和历史重要性埋葬的地方。

The cemetery is in Arlington, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington. Next to the burial ground is the Defense Department headquarters at the Pentagon.(13)

A funeral with full military honors traditionally includes a caisson to transport the body. A caisson is a wagon pulled by horses.(14)

At Arlington, six black or gray horses pull caissons made in 1918. A seventh horse carries the leader of the procession.(15)
在阿灵顿,六个黑色或灰色的马儿拉沉箱在 1918 年所作。第七届马运载游行队伍的领袖。

Sometimes a horse without a rider also takes part in a funeral. The best known riderless horse was Black Jack.(16)

He took part in the funerals of presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson. The horse was named after a famous general known as “Black Jack” Pershing.(17)
他参加了总统约翰 · 肯尼迪和林登 · 约翰逊总统的葬礼。那匹马作为"黑人杰克"潘兴在著名的一般已知命名。

The Wall(18)

Each year about one and one-half million people visit the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. It is one of the most-visited places in Washington.(19)

The Vietnam Veterans Memorial was the idea of a former soldier named Jan Scruggs. He fought in the Vietnam War.(20)

The war ended in 1975. Many soldiers came home only to face the anger of Americans who opposed the war.(21)
在 1975 年结束了战争。许多士兵回家只是为了一脸的怒气的美国人反对战争。

Jan Scruggs organized an effort to remember those who never returned.(22)

In 1980, a group of former soldiers announced a competition to design a memorial. The winner, Maya Lin, was 21-years-old.(23)
1980 年,一群前士兵宣布竞赛,设计一份纪念品。优胜者,玛雅人林,是年仅 21 岁。

She was studying architecture at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. Maya Lin designed a memorial formed by two walls of black stone.(24)

The Vietnam Veterans Memorial opened in 1982.(25)
越南退伍军人纪念打开在 1982 年。

The walls are about 76 meters long. They are set into the earth. They meet to form a wide V. The names of more than 58,000 Americans killed or declared missing-in-action are cut into the stone.(26)
墙上有长约 76 米。它们被设置到地球。他们见面,形成一个广泛的 V。超过 58,000 的美国人被杀或宣布丢失在行动的名称被切成了石头。

Nearby is a statue of three soldiers. They are looking in the direction of the names. Another statue honors the service of women in the war.(27)

Almost any time of day, you can see people looking for the name of a family member or friend who died in the war. Once they find the name, many rub a pencil on paper over the letters to copy it.(28)

Many people leave remembrances at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. One day, as crowds passed by, two young men left notes. A woman in her late 70s or 80s left a handful of red roses.(29)
很多人在越南退伍军人纪念离开回忆。一天,作为群众通过,两个年轻人留下笔记。一个女人在她晚 70 年代或 80 年代留下少量的红玫瑰。

A Forgotten War No Longer(30)

After the success of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Congress approved a memorial to Korean War veterans. The Korean War Veterans Memorial opened in July of 1995. It is near the Vietnam memorial.(31)
成功后的越南退伍军人纪念,美国国会批准向朝鲜战争老兵纪念。在 1995 年 7 月开设了朝鲜战争老兵纪念碑。它就在越战纪念碑附近。

The Korean War lasted from 1950 to 1953. The memorial honors those who died. It also honors those who survived.(32)
朝鲜战争持续了从 1950 年到 1953 年。纪念馆荣誉那些死了的人。它还表彰那些幸存下来的人。

The Korean War has been called the last foot soldier's war. The memorial includes a group of 19 statues of soldiers. The soldiers appear to be walking up a hill, toward an American flag.(33)
朝鲜战争已被称为最后一脚士兵的战争。纪念馆包括一组 19 雕像的士兵。士兵们似乎走上一座山,往美国国旗。

Artist Frank Gaylord made the statues from steel. Each is more than two meters tall. People who drive along a road near the memorial sometimes think the statues are real soldiers.(34)

On one side of the Korean War Veterans Memorial is a stone walkway. It lists the names of the 22 countries that sent troops to Korea under United Nations command. On the other side is a shiny stone wall.(35)
一侧的朝鲜战争老兵纪念碑是一个石头的走道。它列出了 22 个国家,在联合国指挥下向朝鲜派遣军队的名称。在另一边是闪闪发亮的石头墙。

Sandblasted into the wall are images from photographs of more than 2,500 support troops.(36)
插入墙上喷砂是图像从超过 2 500 名支持士兵的照片。

A Pool of Remembrance shows the numbers of American and United Nations forces killed, wounded, captured or missing. The total is more than two million.(37)
纪念池的显示被杀、 受伤、 被俘或失踪的美国和联合国部队的数量。总额不超过 200 万。

Cut into the wall above the pool is a message: "Freedom is Not Free."(38)
Cut into the wall above the pool is a message:"自由是不是免费的"。

The War to End All Wars...Didn't(39)

One of the lesser known memorials on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. is often called "the temple." The round stone structure honors people from the District of Columbia who died in World War I.(40)

The war was fought from 1914 to 1918. The memorial was completed in 1931. It is the only District of Columbia memorial on the National Mall.(41)
是战争从 1914 年到 1918 年。在 1931 年完成了纪念馆。它是唯一的哥伦比亚特区纪念馆的国家广场。

Women Veterans Recognized(42)

In 1986, President Ronald Reagan signed legislation to honor women in the military. The Women in Military Service for America Memorial opened in 1997.(43)
1986 年,罗纳德 · 里根总统签署立法,以荣誉军队中的妇女。1997 年开设妇女在美国纪念为军事服务。

The memorial is near the entrance to Arlington National Cemetery. It recognizes the service of all the women who have taken part in the nation's wars.(44)

About two million women have served or currently serve in the armed forces.(45)
约 200 万妇女曾经或目前在军队中服务。

Michael Manfredi and Marion Gail Weiss designed a place of glass, water and light. The memorial has a large wall shaped in a half-circle. In front, 200 jets of water meet in a pool.(46)
迈克尔 · 曼弗雷迪和马里恩盖尔 · 维斯设计玻璃、 水和光的地方。纪念馆有一个半圆圈形大墙。在前面,200 喷气式飞机的水满足在池中。

Inside the memorial, the stories of women in wartime are cut into glass panels. Computer records contain the names, pictures, service records and personal statements of about 250,000 military women.(47)
纪念馆,里面的故事在战时妇女被切割成玻璃面板。计算机记录包含名称、 图片、 服务记录和约 250,000 军事妇女的个人陈述。

The Greatest Generation Remembered(48)

The World War II Memorial rises between the Lincoln Memorial and the Washington Monument on the National Mall.(49)

America entered the war after Japan bombed the Navy base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941..(50)
美国进入战争后日本轰炸在夏威夷珍珠港海军基地在 1941 年 12 月 7 日上...

Sixteen million men and women served in the American military between 1941 and 1945. More than 400,000 died.(51)
1600 万男子和妇女在 1941年至 1945 年美国军队服役。超过 400,000 死了。

The World War II Memorial stands in the open air. It is built of bronze and granite. In the center, at ground level, is a round pool of water.(52)

Except in very cold weather, water shoots from a circle of fountains in the middle.(53)

When the sun is just right, rainbows of color dance in the air. Fifty-six stone pillars rise around the pool.(54)

These represent each of the American states and territories, plus the District of Columbia, at the time of the war.(55)

On two tall arches appear the names of where the fighting took place. One says Atlantic; the other says Pacific.(56)
在两个高大的拱门上出现名字的地方战斗发生了。其中一个说,大西洋 ;另一个说太平洋。

Many visitors to the memorial served during the war. One visitor, a former Navy man, once said: "The only good thing about my fighting in the war was that I was too young to be terrified."(57)

A Minute of Your Time(58)

A federal law passed in 2000 calls on Americans to stop for one minute at three o'clock local time on Memorial Day.(59)
联邦法律上美国人停止一分钟,3 上午当地时间在阵亡将士纪念日上 2000年调用中传递。

The National Moment of Remembrance honors the members of the armed forces and others who have died in service to America.(60)

Our program was written by Jerilyn Watson and produced by Caty Weaver.(61)
我们的节目是由 Jerilyn 华生写和制作的维可。

Steve Ember and Barbara Klein presented the program.(62)
史帝文安博和芭芭拉 · 克莱因提出了该程序。

You can read and listen to our programs at

And join us again next week for This Is America from VOA Learning English.(64)

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