新研究:每天饮酒量最好不超过一瓶
2018-04-15 22:22:17


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A huge international study has found that adults should not drink more than, on average, one alcoholic drink a day.(2)
某大型国际研究表明,成年人每天的酒精摄入平均量最多应该为一瓶。

That means drinking advisements in many countries around the world may be far too loose.(3)
也就是说,全球很多国家的酒类广告都过于宽松了。

The study was published this week in The Lancet.Dr. Angela Wood of Cambridge University led the research.(4)
这则研究是本周在《柳叶刀》上发表的。该研究的负责人是剑桥大学的安吉拉 伍德博士(Angela Wood)。

The work combined results from 83 studies carried out in 19 countries. It considered about 600,000 people who drank alcohol.(5)
这项研究工作结合了19个国家的83项研究成果, 并考量了近60万饮酒人士的数据。

The study found that people who drink more than seven drinks a week can expect to die sooner than those who drink less.(6)
这则研究发现,每周饮酒量超过7瓶的人的寿命要比酒量少的人短。

The United States government currently advises no more than seven drinks a week for women and 14 for men.(7)
目前,美国政府对女士和男士饮酒量的建议分别是每周7瓶和每周14瓶。

Those limits are based on earlier studies that found women are more affected by alcohol than men.(8)
这样设限是根据之前的一些研究,因为这些研究发现女性受酒精影响的程度比男性更高。

Canada and Sweden have similar guidelines.(9)
加拿大和瑞典也有类似的参考建议。

British guidelines were also similar until two years ago.(10)
直到两年前,英国的参考建议还和如上几个国家相同。

That is when British health officials brought the upper limit for men down to the same limit as women.(11)
但就在两年前,一些英国卫生部的官员将男性饮酒量的上限调至与女性一致。

Some countries have much higher limits, however.(12)
不过,还有一些国家的上限更高。

Spain and Romania both suggest drinking as many as 20 alcoholic drinks per week for men is acceptable.(13)
西班牙和罗马尼亚都建议男性每周最多喝20瓶酒。

The new study estimates that 40-year-old men who drink as much as current U.S. guidelines suggest(14)
这则新研究估测,对于40岁的男性来说,如果其饮酒量与当前美国的参考建议一致,

can expect to live one to two years less than men who have no more than seven drinks per week.(15)
其寿命会比每周最多喝7瓶的男性寿命要短1-2年。

David Jernigan, an alcohol researcher at Johns Hopkins University, told the Associated Press,(16)
美国约翰霍普金斯大学的酒精研究员大卫(David Jernigan)在接受美联社采访时表示,

if you're really concerned about your longevity, don't have more than one drink a day.(17)
如果一个人真的关心自己的寿命,那么每天的饮酒量最好控制在一瓶以内。

Jernigan was not involved in the study.(18)
不过,大卫并没有参与这次的研究。

The study is a serious wake-up call for many countries, Jeremy Pearson of the British Heart Foundation said in a statement.(19)
这则研究对于很多国家来说都敲起了严肃的警钟, 英国心脏基金会的杰里米(Jeremy Pearson)在一份声明中如是写道。

The group supported the study financially.About half of the people included in the study said they had more than 100 grams of alcohol per week.(20)
英国心脏基金会赞助了这则研究。参与该研究的人中,有近一半的人表示,他们每周的饮酒量超过了100g。

The researchers found a higher risk of stroke, heart failure and other problems in that group of heavier drinkers.(21)
研究人员发现,这一组饮酒量更大的人群患中风、心力衰竭等疾病的风险更高。

That may partly be because alcohol can increase blood pressure and change cholesterol levels, the researchers said.(22)
这其中的部分原因或许是:酒精可以升高血压并改变胆固醇含量,研究人员如是说道。

The heavier drinkers were also less likely to have a heart attack, the study found.(23)
该研究发现,饮酒量高的人心脏病发作的几率也更低。

However, the overall effects of drinking more than seven drinks a week are more bad than good, lead researcher Wood said.(24)
不过,总体来说,每周饮酒量7瓶以上的弊是大于利的,负责人伍德如是说道。

The results of the study quickly became a trending discussion worldwide.(25)
该研究的结果很快就成了全球热议的话题。

As one person wrote, the news was not a good story to read on a Friday, as workers and students prepare to celebrate the start of the weekend.(26)
有一个人写道,这个新闻要是放在周五是有些丧气的,因为周五正是工人和学生准备欢度周五开始的时候。

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