What Is the Relationship Between Age and Happiness?
2013-03-05 21:13:07


From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report in Special English.(1)
从美国之音英语学习,这是特别英语健康报告。

Are people less happy or more happy the older they get? If you answered more happy, then you were right, based on a study in 2008. It found that people generally become happier and experience less worry after age fifty.(2)
还有老愈人不快乐或更快乐呢?如果你的回答更快乐,然后你说得对,基于 2008 年的研究。它发现,人们通常变得比较快乐和经验五十岁以后并不担心。

In fact, it found that by the age of eighty-five, people are happier with their life than they were at eighteen.(3)
事实上,它发现因年龄而有 85 位人与他们的生活比他们是十八岁快乐。

The findings came from a Gallup survey of more than three hundred forty thousand adults in the United States in two thousand eight.(4)
结果在两个千八个来自超过 34 万成年人在美国盖洛普调查。

At that time, the people were between the ages of eighteen and eighty-five.(5)
那时候,人年龄在十八和 85 之间。

Arthur Stone in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science at Stony Brook University in New York led the study.(6)
阿瑟 · 石部的精神病学和行为科学在纽约石溪大学领导这项研究。

His team found that levels of stress were highest among adults between the ages of twenty-two and twenty-five. Stress levels dropped sharply after people reached their fifties.(7)
他的小组发现的应力水平是二十二至二十五岁之间的成人中最高。应力水平大幅下跌后的人达到五十多岁。

Happiness was highest among the youngest adults and those in their early seventies. But the people least likely to report feeling negative emotions were those in their seventies and eighties.(8)
幸福是最高最年轻的成年人和那些在其七十年代初。但报告感觉负面情绪最不可能的人是那些在其七十年代和八十年代。

The survey also found that men and women have similar emotional patterns as they grow older. However, women at all ages reported more sadness, stress and worry than men did.(9)
调查还发现,男性和女性有类似的情感模式,随着年龄的增长。然而,在所有年龄的妇女报告更多悲伤,强调和担心比男子。

The researchers also considered possible influences like having young children, being unemployed or being single.(10)
研究人员还认为可能影响有年幼子女、 失业或正像单。

But they found that influences like these did not affect the levels of happiness and well-being related to age.(11)
但他们发现像这些影响不影响的快乐和幸福与年龄有关的水平。

So why would happiness increase with age? One theory is that, as people get older, they become more thankful for what they have and have better control of their emotions.(12)
所以为什么会幸福随着年龄而增加?一种理论是随着人的年纪,他们变得更感谢他们所具有的和有更好的控制自己的情绪。

They also spend less time thinking about bad experiences.(13)
他们还花较少时间来思考不好的经历。

The findings appeared in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.(14)
成果发表在美国国家科学院的诉讼。

Happiness is not the only thing that apparently improves with age. In a study, people in their eighties reported the fewest problems with the quality of their sleep.(15)
幸福不是唯一的随着年龄的增长显然提高了。在一项研究,八十多岁的人报告了他们的睡眠质量最少问题。

Researchers surveyed more than one hundred fifty thousand American adults. The study, led by Michael Grandner at the University of Pennsylvania, appeared in the journal Sleep.(16)
研究人员调查了超过 15 万的美国成年人。这项研究由宾夕法尼亚大学的 Michael Grandner 领导出现在睡眠 》 杂志。

The original goal was to confirm the popular belief that aging is connected with increased sleep problems. The survey did find an increase during middle age, especially in women.(17)
最初的目标是确认老化连接增加的睡眠问题的民间信仰。调查发现在中年,增加特别是在妇女。

But except for that, people reported that they felt their sleep quality improved as they got older.(18)
但家人报告说他们感到他们长大的改善其睡眠质量。


All Articles fetched from Voice of America RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feeds and copyrighted by voanews.com