World Bank Makes Predictions for Global Economy
2013-01-18 23:12:24


For VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report in Special English.(1)
对于美国之音学习英语,这是在特别英语经济报道。

The World Bank released its Global Economic Prospects report this week. World Bank experts are using the words “fragile” and “uncertain” to describe the economic recovery this year.(2)
世界银行本周发布其全球经济展望报告。世界银行的专家正在使用"脆弱"和"不确定"等字来形容今年的经济复苏。

The report predicts the international economy will grow a little over two percent in 2013. Slightly greater economic expansion is expected in 2014 and 2015.(3)
该报告预测国际经济增长会略高于 2%到 2013 年。略有更大的经济扩张预计 2014 年和 2015 年。

Predictions of limited growth have become familiar since the financial crisis four years ago.(4)
对有限的增长率的预测已成为熟悉金融危机以来四年前。

Wealthy countries are expected to have slower growth than developing ones as they deal with larger amounts of debt and big budget deficits.(5)
富裕国家预计将有较发展中国家作为他们处理更大量的债务和巨额预算赤字增长放缓。

World Bank President Jim Yong Kim is urging developing countries to become drivers of growth. But he notes that it was important to build a foundation for growth that can last over time.(6)
世界银行行长金辰勇敦促发展中国家成为增长的驱动因素。但他注意到,重要的是要建立可以随着时间的推移最后的增长的基础。

He said, “What we are suggesting is that we cannot wait for the return growth in the high income countries.(7)
他说:"我们所提出的建议是我们不能等待在高收入国家中的恢复增长。

We really need developing countries to think about setting the stage for medium- and long-term growth.(8)
我们真的需要发展中国家想设置为中期和长期增长的阶段。

We have to continue to support developing countries in making investments in infrastructure, in health, in education.”(9)
我们必须继续支持发展中国家的健康,在教育中的基础设施,在进行投资"。

Andrew Burns is lead author of the report. He says it is not only important to build roads and bridges, but to invest money in health care and effort in government reforms.(10)
安德鲁伯恩斯是报告的主要作者。他说,只是不重要建设道路和桥梁,但投资卫生保健中的金钱和精力,政府的改革。

Some high-growth developing countries, such as China, are spending a lot on public works projects, but spend little on health care.(11)
一些高增长发展中国家,如中国,花了很多公共工程项目,但花小医疗上。

The report notes the threat of European nations failing to make debt payments has eased.(12)
该报告指出,欧洲国家未能偿还债务的威胁,纾缓了。

The World Bank President says Europe and America have approved some measures to deal with economic weakness. But financial policy remains a work in progress.(13)
世界银行行长说欧洲和美国已批准一些措施,以应对经济疲软。但财政政策仍是进展中的工作。

He said, “So despite promising, and sometimes courageous measures taken in Europe…issues remain in the Eurozone and of course we have fiscal policy issues in the United States.”(14)
他说,"所以尽管采取欧洲......问题的有前途的和有时大胆措施留在欧元区和我们当然有在美国的财政政策问题"。

The World Bank notes that budget deficits are decreasing in most other high-income nations. But these nations continue to carry a lot of debt compared to the size of their economies.(15)
世界银行注意到,大多数其他高收入国家的预算赤字正日益减少。但这些国家继续进行大量的债务相比,其经济规模。

Developing countries are positioned for stronger growth. But they will face basic risks to economic progress over the next few years.(16)
发展中国家经济强劲增长的放置。但他们将在未来几年内面临经济进步的基本风险。

World Bank chief Kim said he is concerned that low supplies of important grains, such as wheat and corn, could bring high food prices, hurting the poor.(17)
世界银行首席 Kim 说,他关注的是低供应的重要的谷物,如小麦和玉米,带来高食品价格,损害了穷人。

The World Bank offers knowledge, assistance and loans to developing countries.(18)
世界银行提供知识、 援助和向发展中国家提供贷款。

Economic conditions in high-income nations affect the developing world because they are the largest and most developed markets for exports.(19)
高收入国家的经济状况会影响发展中世界,因为它们是最大和最发达的出口市场。

Such nations are also the providers of investment that can fuel economic growth.(20)
这种国家也可以推动经济增长的投资的提供者。


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