政府利用社交媒体影响大选
2019-11-06 16:42:00


A rights group reports that governments and individuals have sought to influence elections online in 26 of 30 national elections it studied.(1)
一个人权组织报告称,在其研究的30个国家选举中,有26个国家的政府和个人试图利用网络影响选举。

Freedom House released the report about online influence on Monday – one day before elections in many parts of the United States.(2)
周一,“自由之家”赶在美国多数地区选举的前一日发布了这份有关网络影响选举的报告。

Some of the group's financing comes from the U.S. government.(3)
该组织的部分资金来自美国政府。

The new report warns that internet-based election interference has become an important method for those seeking to attack democracy.(4)
这份新报告警告称,基于互联网的大选干扰已经成为那些试图攻击民主者的重要手段。

It found that disinformation and propaganda were the most popular tools used to influence elections.(5)
报告还发现,虚假信息和宣传是影响选举的最常用招数。

Freedom House studied how domestic governments have tried to influence their citizens.(6)
“自由之家”研究了国内政府如何设法影响公民。

It also examined partisan actors who use online networks to spread misleading ideas.(7)
它还调查了利用网络传播误导性思想的党派人士。

It said that such individuals often work with popular media personalities and business leaders.(8)
报告称,这些人经常与受欢迎的媒体人士和商界领袖共事。

"Many governments are finding that on social media, propaganda works better than censorship," said Mike Abramowitz, the president of Freedom House.(9)
“自由之家”主席迈克·阿布拉莫维茨(Mike Abramowitz)表示,“许多政府发现,在社交媒体方面,宣传比审查更加高效”。

He added that "authoritarians and populists around the globe" are using human nature and computer programs to harm free and fair elections.(10)
他补充说,“全球的威权主义者和民粹主义者”正在利用人性和电脑程序来危害自由公正的选举。

Some of those seeking to influence elections had developed methods to defeat efforts by technology companies to fight false or misleading information, the report said.(11)
报告称,一些试图影响选举的人已经研究出方法,挫败科技公司打击虚假或误导性信息的努力。

For example, it noted that in the Philippines, candidates paid people on social media to support their campaigns on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.(12)
例如,它指出,在菲律宾,候选人在社交媒体上花钱雇人支持他们在Facebook、Twitter和Instagram上的竞选活动。

The report noted that online disinformation was widely used during several political events in the United States, such as the 2018 elections.(13)
报告指出,在美国的几次政治活动中,如2018年的选举,网络虚假信息被广泛使用。

Another example was the U.S. Senate hearings for Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh.(14)
另一个案例是最高法院大法官提名人布雷特·卡瓦诺(Brett Kavanaugh)的美国参议院听证会。

Freedom House noted a rise in the number of governments using bots and false accounts to shape online opinions and hurt opponents.(15)
“自由之家”指出,越来越多的政府利用程序和虚假账户来影响网络舆论,并中伤反对者。

Such behavior was noted in 38 out of 65 countries that the report discussed.(16)
在报告讨论的65个国家中,有38个国家被指存在这种行为。

Social media was also being increasingly used to watch citizens. The report said at least 40 countries have set up high-level social media monitoring programs.(17)
社交媒体也越来越多地被用来监视大众。报告称,至少有40个国家建立了高水平的社交媒体监控项目。

Allie Funk is one of the writers of the report, called "Freedom on the Net 2019."(18)
艾丽·芬克(Allie Funk)是这份名为《2019年网络自由》报告的作者之一。

She said the report had two main themes. One is efforts by governments to influence their own elections. The other is their efforts to "monitor their citizens."(19)
她表示,报告有两大主题。其一是政府试图影响本国选举。另一个是他们试图“监视大众”。

But Funk added that government efforts to block the opposition sometimes have unexpected results.(20)
但是芬克补充说,政府阻止反对派的努力有时会产生意想不到的结果。

She said in Russia, online efforts to limit opposition candidates led to protesters' use of social media to organize.(21)
她说,在俄罗斯,网络上限制反对派候选人,结果却导致抗议者利用社交媒体组织活动。

I'm Mario Ritter Jr.(22)
马里奥·里特为您播报。


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