新科技!嗅觉模拟技术来袭
2017-10-12 15:57:00


Would you buy a car that released calming smells into the air when you are stuck in heavy traffic?(1)
你会买一辆能够在交通拥堵时释放舒缓型气味的汽车吗?

Would you buy a robot that smells like a human being?(2)
你会买一个体味像人类的机器人吗?

Scientists suggest that new technology means people will soon be using devices like these in their daily lives.(3)
科学家们认为,新技术意味着人们很快能在日常生活中用到这些设备。

The British Science Festival took place recently in Brighton, England.(4)
英国科学节近日在布赖顿举办。

At the event, researchers from the University of Sussex demonstrated some of the technology that might be coming soon.(5)
来自萨塞克斯大学的研究人员在本次活动中展示了一些即将面世的新科技。

Many people have seen the three-dimensional computer-made environments of virtual reality, known as VR.(6)
很多人早已见识过计算机制造的三维虚拟现实环境(虚拟现实)。

Now these virtual worlds will not just look and sound real.(7)
现在虚拟世界将不只是看起来、听起来真实。

Researchers have created VR environments that even smell like the real thing.(8)
研究人员创建的虚拟现实环境甚至闻起来都像真的。

With the new technology, users open a virtual door and step into a new environment, like a rainforest.(9)
随着新技术的发展,用户打开虚拟的大门,进入一处新环境,比如雨林。

After they enter this virtual world, special equipment releases forest-like smells into the air to make the experience seem more real.(10)
他们进入虚拟世界后,特殊设备会释放出森林般的气味,让用户体验更加真实。

Suzanne Fisher-Murray saw the technology being demonstrated at the British Science Festival.(11)
苏珊娜·费舍尔·穆雷(Suzanne Fisher-Murray)参观了英国科学节上展示的这一技术。

She told VOA, “It is a really immersive experience that you have because you’re exploring this environment and you have smells ... with it.”(12)
她告诉美国之音,“这是一次身临其境的体验,因为你在探索环境时还能嗅到它的气味。”

Smell technology has been tried in the past.(13)
此前,嗅觉技术曾进行过测试。

In the United States, Smell-O-Vision was designed to provide smells during the showing of a movie.(14)
在美国,嗅觉电影就是在放映期间提供气味。

The Smell-O-Vision system was briefly popular in the 1960s.(15)
嗅觉电影系统在上世纪60年代十分火爆。

Now, University of Sussex researcher Emanuela Maggioni says it is close to becoming popular again.(16)
萨塞克斯大学的研究人员埃马努埃拉·马乔尼表示,如今,嗅觉技术或将再次流行。

“The connection with emotions, memories, and ... the sense of smell,” Maggioni said.“It is incredible what we can do with technology.”(17)
马吉奥尼说“将感情、回忆与嗅觉结合起来。我们利用技术做到的事情如此不可思议。”

The uses for smell technology are not just limited to films and the performing arts.(18)
嗅觉技术的应用不仅仅局限于电影和表演艺术。

Researchers also demonstrated a computer program where users could imagine themselves driving a car.(19)
研究人员还演示了用户可想象自己驾驶汽车的电脑程序。

The system included a special smell-spraying device.Dmitrijs Dmitrenko is one of the researchers working on this project.(20)
该系统包括一个特殊的喷淋装置。德米特里杰斯·德米特连科(Dmitrijs Dmitrenko)是该项目的研究人员之一。

“In this demonstration,” he said, “we wanted to deliver the smell of lavender every time the driver exceeds the speed limit.(21)
他说,“在演示过程中,一旦司机超速,我们都会释放出薰衣草的香味。

We chose lavender because it’s a very calming smell.”(22)
之所以选择薰衣草是因为这种气味可以令人镇静下来。”

Scientists are experimenting with using smell instead of sounds or image-based alerts on telecommunications equipment.(23)
科学家们正在尝试利用嗅觉代替以声音或图像为基础的通讯设备警报。

And businesses are already using smell to influence people’s behavior.(24)
一些企业开始利用气味影响人们的行为。

“Not only ... in stores ... But on the other side, you can create and stimulate impulse buying,” Maggioni said.(25)
马吉奥尼指出,“不仅是在商店…另一方面,你可以制造并刺激即兴消费,”

“So you’re in a library and you smell coffee and actually you are unconsciously having the need to drink a coffee.”(26)
“就像你在图书馆里闻着香浓的咖啡,其实你下意识会想要喝一杯咖啡。”

She adds that the sense of smell is important in human communication and relationships.(27)
她还指出,嗅觉在人类交往和人际关系中尤为重要。

For example, when men smell tears, it reduces levels of testosterone, a natural hormone in their bodies.(28)
例如,当男性闻到眼泪的味道时,其体内的天然荷尔蒙(睾丸素)的水平会降低。

Men then show greater feelings of understanding with other people.(29)
此时,男性会更加理解他人。

That natural process has uses in new technology, Maggioni says.(30)
马吉奥尼说,这个自然过程可以应用到新技术。

For example, she believes it could help people trust robots more if the robots smelled like humans.(31)
例如,她相信,机器人身上有人类的味道,有助于提升人们信任的力度。

I’m Pete Musto.(32)
皮特·穆斯托为您播报。


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