Study: Improved Housing Helps Fight Malaria
2017-03-06 22:00:46

A new study shows that improving housing conditions may help in the fight against malaria at a time when other efforts may be slowing.(1)

The World Health Organization reports that more than 400,000 people died of malaria in 2015. Most of them were children in Africa.(2)
世界卫生组织报告,40 多万人死于疟疾,在 2015 年。他们大多数是非洲儿童。

Study organizers note that African countries south of the Saharan desert are developing faster than many in other areas.(3)

They think architects and city planners can help in the fight against the disease.(4)

Insecticide products have been extremely effective in limiting the spread of malaria.(5)

They have chemicals that target mosquitoes -- the insects that pass the disease to humans.(6)
他们有目标蚊子 — — 通过这种疾病对人类的昆虫的化学物质。

Insecticide-treated bed nets and use of the products inside buildings have helped reduce malaria death rates by 40 percent since 2000.(7)
经杀虫剂处理的蚊帐和使用的建筑物内产品帮助自 2000 年以来将疟疾死亡率减少 40%。

But experts say mosquitoes are becoming resistant to insecticides and new tools are needed to fight the disease.(8)

Lucy Tusting of the University of Oxford is an expert on the spread and control of disease.(9)

She says public health experts should use the move away from traditional mud-and-thatch homes to help fight malaria.(10)

“We do have an opportunity to tap into the changes that are ongoing in many parts of Africa in order to build healthier housing.”(11)

Tusting and other researchers wondered if the change in housing they had noticed could help in the fight.(12)

“What we’re seeing in many parts of Africa is a subtle transition from more traditional housing -- which might have thatched roofs and mud walls -- towards metal, tiled-roof housing with concrete walls.”(13)
"我们看到在非洲的许多地区是微妙的过渡,从更传统的住房 — — 可能有茅草屋顶和泥墙壁 — — 对金属、 瓦屋面房屋与混凝土墙。

That should help because the mosquitoes mostly bite people in and around their home at night.(14)

Better design of homes, with fewer holes in the walls, could help keep the insects out.(15)

But until recently there has not been much research on the subject.(16)

Tusting and her team examined health and population surveys from 21 countries.(17)
相信和她的团队审查了来自 21 个国家的健康和人口调查。

They found that children living in modern buildings were 9-to-14 percent less likely to have malaria than those who lived in traditional housing.(18)
他们发现,在现代建筑中生活的儿童 9 至 14%不太可能有疟疾比那些住在传统的房屋。

That is about the same level of protection given by insecticide-treated bed nets.(19)

“What this suggests is that housing could be an important tool in tackling malaria.”(20)

This is not a new idea. Tusting notes that screened windows and doors were the first effective method used in the fight against malaria in the early 20th century.(21)
这不是一个新的想法。相信注意甄别窗户和门是在 20 世纪初在防治疟疾的斗争中使用的第一有效方法。

She says a lot of new housing will be built in Africa over the next several years.(22)

She believes those changes can be used to help further reduce malaria infections and deaths.(23)

“We can leverage those changes.(24)

But to do so, it’s important that health specialists reach beyond the health sector and work closely with architects, urban policy makers and national governments.”(25)
但这样做,它是重要卫生专家超越卫生部门和与建筑师、 城市政策制定者和各国政府密切合作。

She says malaria prevention should become an important part of planning as African cities continue to grow.(26)

I’m John Russell.(27)

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